Back

Credits

openMind Starter

openMind Level 1

openMind Level 2

openMind Level 3

masterMind Level 1

masterMind Level 2

 

openMind Starter

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

openMind Starter Student’s Book & Workbook Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45889-5
openMind Starter Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46968-6
openMind Starter Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46958-7
openMind Starter Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49504-3
openMind Starter Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49502-9
openMind Starter Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49501-2
openMind Starter Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45768-3
openMind Starter Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45894-9
openMind Starter Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-45768-3
openMind Starter Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-46959-4
openMind Starter Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49503-6
openMind Starter Student Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-45899-4
openMind Starter Teacher Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-46960-0
openMind Starter Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45902-1
openMind Starter Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45903-8
openMind Starter Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45897-0
openMind Starter Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-47294-5
openMind Starter DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47244-0
openMind Starter Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32802-1

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published 2014
First edition published 2011

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Dorothy E. Zemach and Ingrid Wisniewska

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp23, 46, 51, 67, 78, 87, 88, 98, 105 (top); Sally Elford pp17, 60, 99, 100, 104, 105 (bottom); emc design limited pp22, 24, 56, 60; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp5, 6, 22, 26, 42, 83, 89, 102.
Cover design by emc design limited
Cover photographs courtesy of Corbis/Michelle Pedone
Picture research by Alison Prior
Cover and unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of the Open Mind series:
Carolina Ezeta, Universidad Tecnológica de Querétaro; Karl Schmack, Centro Cultural Costarricense Norteamericano; Maria Elisabeth Schmid de Mattos, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Martha Patricia Sánchez, Colegio Anahuac Revolución; Leigh Darlaine Langenegger, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Ricardo Pizelli Goiatá, Curso Bridge over Cam; Franklin Téllez, Centro Cultural Nicaragüense Norteamericano; Jim Nixon, Colegio Cervantes Costa Rica; Rosario Mena, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Leticia de la Peña, Colegio Lincoln; Héctor Sánchez, PROULEX; Eric Tejeda, PROULEX; Arturo Hernández, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajara; Grisel del Rosario, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Maria do Socorro Guimarães, IBEU -Rio de Janeiro; Diego Medina, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Julio Prin, Centro Venezolano Americano; María Guadalupe Muñoz, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Lourdes Molleda, Tec Milenio; Frances Gritzewsky, Prepa Tec Eugenio Garza; Magneli Villanueva Morales, Universidad Regiomontana; Anderson Lopes Siqueira, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Emilia Rubenova, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; Lourdes Pérez Valdespino, Universidad Del Valle de México, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Centro Cultural Salvadoreño Americano; Márcia Soares Guimarães, Instituto Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos -Belo Horizonte; Leonor Rosales, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey; Martha Larraga, Unitec Escobedo; Cândido Prado, CCBEU – Goiânia; Janet Keyser, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Julie Khatcherian, Manhattan Trade Language Company; Francisco Nieto, Universidad Metropolitana; Artemisa Sangermán, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Nico Wieserma, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Vagner Serafim, Centro Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos; Lourdes Baledón, Universidad Intercontinental; Clara Lucía López, Centro Colombo Americano Manizales; Gabriela Rodríguez, Colegio Oviedo Schontal; Waldo Andrade, CBI: Centro Butantã Idiomas – São Paulo; Anthony Shull, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México; Tamara Rojas, Escuela Benjamín Franklin; Martha Rosas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus San Rafael; Fabiano Cella, Universidade de São Paulo, curso Poliglota; Sheila Moreno, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Tlalpan; Patricia Venegas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Lomas Verdes; Luciana Guarnier, Seven Idiomas; Diana Jones, Angloamericano; Carlos Lizárraga, Angloamericano; Emma Domínguez, The Anglo; Luis Cabrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Luciane Oliveira, New York School; Cristina Moya, Colegio Morelos; Elda Beraza, Colegio Montes de Oca, Cuernavaca; Elza Massae Sato, FMU, São Paulo; Lucía Canseco Campoy, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Hermosillo; Emma Luisa Domínguez Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Yolanda Domínguez del Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Maria Antonieta Gagliardi, Centro Britânico – São Paulo; David Toledo, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Alicia Cabrero, Universidad Autónoma San Luis Potosí; Danielle Sales, Senac – Rio de Janeiro; Claudio Barros, Flex Idiomas; Rina de Góngora, del Instituto Guatemalteco Americano; Adriana Alcalá, Kate Cory-Wright, Chris Bauer; Moisés Ramírez; Universidad Chauhtémoc Centro de Lenguas y Linguística Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas; Instituto Tecnológico Centro Americano; CELE Mascarones; Ministerio de Educación de El Salvador; Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcoyotl; Universidad del Tepeyac; Instituto Politécnico Nacional ESIME CELEX; Instituto Quebec; Colegio La Salle del Pedregal; Universidad Pedagógica Nacional; Universidad de la República Mexicana; Universidad Norteamericana; Fundación Empresarial para el Desarrollo Educativo; Operadora La Salle; Seven São Paulo; Universidad de Oriente; UNIVA; Centro de Capacitación Manuel Sandoval Vallarta; Universidad de El Salvador; Escuela de Jurisprudencia; Universidad de Valle de México, Campus Puebla; Alumni São Paulo; Dr Amany Shawkey, Mrs Heidi Omara, Mrs Hala Fouad (Egypt); Faisal Mreish (Lebanon); Mrs Magda Giomazi (Libya). Petra Florianová, Gymnázium, Praha 6, Arabská 14; Inés Frigerio, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto; Alison Greenwood, University of Bologna, Centro Linguistico di Ateneo; Roumyana Yaneva Ivanova, The American College of Sofia; Tánˇa Jancˇarˇíková, SOŠ Drtinova Prague; Mari Carmen Lafuente, Escuela Oficial de Idiomas Hospitalet, Barcelona; Alice Lockyer, Pompeu Fabra University;Javier Roque Sandro Majul, Windmill School of English; Paul Neale, Susan Carol Owens and Beverley Anne Sharp, Cambridge Academy of English; Audrey Renton, Dubai Men’s College, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE; Martin Stanley, British Council, Bilbao; Luiza Wójtowicz-Waga, Warsaw Study Centre; Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Getxo; Cámara de Comercio de Bilbao; Universidad Autónoma de Bellaterra; Escuela Oficial de Idiomas EOI de Barcelona; University of Barcelona; Escuela Oficial de Idiomas Sant Gervasi.

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Aflo Photo Agency p20(tl), Alamy/Allesalltag p85, Alamy/Yuri Arcurs p25 (c), Alamy/Art Directors and Trip p19(tc), Alamy/BAE Inc p106(r), Alamy/Bill Bachmann p28(1),Alamy/Vicki Beaver p54 (cr), Alamy/Konrad Bak p47(tr), Alamy/Simon Belcher p59(tea), Alamy/Blend Images pp37(f), 48(6), 62(4), 80(cl), Alamy/Brotherluck p64(bc), Alamy/Brownstock p62(8), Alamy/Cultura Creative pp41, 93(br), Alamy/Ian Dagnall p27(5), Alamy/Daisy-Daisy p64(tr), Alamy/Laurent Davoust p28(a), Alamy/Andy Dean Photography p51, Alamy Denkou Images p96(b), Alamy/Espixx p34(c), Alamy/Michael Flippo p19(bc), Alamy/Foodfolio p 62(1), Alamy/Andrew Fox p47(cl), Alamy/Elly Godfoy p64(br), Alamy/Colin Galloway p28(c), Alamy/Ellie Godfrey p 64(tc), Alamy/Jeff Greenberg p47(bl), Alamy/Nick Gregory pp37(b), 43, Alamy/Steve Hamblin p8(4), Alamy/Mike Hipple p 20(b), Alamy/Horizon International Images Ltd p61(l), Alamy/Doug Houghton p34(r), Alamy/Huntstock Inc p92(tr), Alamy/D Hurst pp 21(c), 84(2), Alamy/Iloveimages pp44(l), 62(3), 81, 94, Alamy/Image Source Plus p15(r), Alamy/Images and Stories p40(br), Alamy/INSADCO Photo Library p78, Alamy/Johner Images p18(br), Alamy/Kazin Ozcan Keles p 21(c), Alamy/MBI pp80(tl), 93(tr), Alamy/Ball Miwako p27(2), Alamy/Montgomery Martin p112, Alamy/Moodboard pp80(tr), 86(cr), Alamy/Jeff Morgan p48(9), Alamy/Mouse in the House p21(l), Alamy/OJO Images p91(t), Alamy/Gabe Palmer p25(r), Alamy/Andriy Petrenko p11(4), Alamy/Duncan Phillips p64(tc), Alamy/PhotoAlto pp7(br), 92(bl), Alamy/Photosindia/LLC p50(l), Alamy/Stefan Politi Mavkovina p34(l), Alamy/Purestock p61(r), Alamy/Andres Rodriguez p46, Alamy/Chris Rout p101, Alamy/Rubberball pp48(3), 79(r), Alamy/Salrycon p8(1), Alamy/Michael Schmeling p27(b), Alamy/Ian Shaw p28(6), Alamy/Dmitriy Shirononsov p92(br), Alamy/Anton Starikov p59(chicken), Alamy/Stockbroker p93(tl), Alamy/Tetra Images pp37(g), 40(tr,c), 47(tc), 96(f),108, Alamy/UK Stock Images Ltd p28(2), Alamy/Wavebreak Media pp110,112, Alamy/Zoonar GmbH p57(soup); Bananastock pp48(c,l); BrandX p59(rice); Comstock p113(3); Corbis/Blue Images p29, Corbis/Glow Images p57(toast), Corbis/Rick Gomez P7(tr), Corbis/Mark Hunt/Huntstock p7 (bl), Corbis/Mark ded Leeuw/Tetra Images pp35(c), 113(cl), Corbis/Lawrence Manning p89(bike), Corbis/Ocean pp28(8), 39(l); Getty Images pp38(tc,tl), 90, Getty Images/Olivia Bell p15(l), Getty Images/Bloomberg pp8(3), Getty Images/Brand New Images p39(r), Getty/Creative Crop p84(4), Getty Images/Daley & Newton p31, Getty Images/Danita Delimont p20(c), Getty Images/Digital Vision pp50(r), 62(6), Getty Images/George Doyle p11(5), Getty Images/Dream Pictures pp48(12), 54(l), Getty Images/Sam Edwards p37(c), Getty Images/Glow Images p7(tl), Getty Images/Mike Harrington p11(1), Getty Images/Jack Hollingworth p11(2), Getty Images/Image Source p65(c), Getty Images/Inigo Cia p27(3), Getty Images/Erik Isakson p103, Getty Images/Dave & Les Jacobs p12(l), Getty Images/Matt King p96(d), Getty Images/Ron Krisel p12(C), Getty Images/Jason La Veris/Film Magic p32(t), Getty Images/Lawren p55(c), Getty Images/Juan Monio p33, Getty Images/Kelvin Murray p28(9), Getty Images/Jose Luis Pelaez p28(j), Getty Images/D.Sharon Pruitt Pink Sherbert Photography p57(eggs), Getty Images/Andersen Ross p48, Getty Images/Stockbyte p28(d), Getty Images/Svetikd p24, Getty Images/Wire Image p38(tr),Getty Images/Maarten Wouters p86(cl); Image Source pp40(tc),53, 63, 65(r); Pixtel p95(tr); Rex Features/Broadimage p11(1), Rex Features/Keystone p11(5), Rex Features/Sipa USA p11(2), Rex Features/Startraks p 11(4), Rex Features/Ray Tamarra/Everett Collection p11(3), Rex Features/Victoria Watts p28(h); Stockbyte pp28(e,i), 89(umbrella, chair); Superstock/Age Fotostock pp 52(br), 54(br), Superstock/Corbis p48(7), Superstock/Image Source pp12(cl), 65(l), Superstock/Onoky p62(7); Thinkstock/Ablestock p28(f), Thinkstock/chelovek p28 (Mexico), Thinkstock/Comstock Images p37(e), Thinkstock/Digital Vision pp48(1,11), 86(tr), Thinkstock/Fogstock p37(a), Thinkstock/Fuse p48(4), Thinkstock/Hemera pp19(h), 44(c), 57(cereal, fruit salad), 82, 89 watch), Thinkstock/Ingram Publishing p107(t),Thinkstock/Jupiterimages pp11(3), 12(r), 27(7), 28(3), 44(r), 48(2,5), Thinkstock/Monkey Business p62(2), Thinkstock/iStockphoto pp8(2), 11(6), 15(c), 19(tr,bl,br), 20(r), 25(l), 27( 4,6,8,9,10), 28(4,5,7,10) 28(b,g), 32(b), 35(l,r), 37(d), 47(cr,br), 48(8), 48(b,r), 55(r), 57 (rice, sandwich, pasta, chicken, pizza, water, coffee, orange juice, milk), 59 (bread, cheese, milk, pizza), 79(l,c), 80(cr), 84(1,3,5,6), 95(b), 95(cl,cr), 93(c,cl), 96(a.e,g,h), 97, 106(c), 109(1,3,4,5,6), 109, 113(1,2,4,5,6), Thinkstock/Photodisc pp57(salad), 58, Thinkstock/PhotoObjects.net p107(2), 93(cr),Thinkstock/Christopher Robbins pp50(cl), 86(t), Thinkstock/Stockbyte pp12(cr), 55(l), 95(c), Thinkstock/Maria Teijeiro p30, Thinkstock/WavebreakMedia p89(laptop).

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Tim Bowen and Yvonne Maruniak

Designed by Expo Holdings, Malaysia
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Limited

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Dorothy E. Zemach and Ingrid Wisniewska

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp23, 46, 51, 67, 78, 87, 88, 98, 105 (top); Sally Elford pp17, 60, 99, 100, 104, 105 (bottom); emc design limited pp22, 24, 56, 60; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp5, 6, 22, 26, 42, 83, 89, 102.
Cover design by emc design limited
Cover photographs courtesy of Corbis/Michelle Pedone
Picture research by Alison Prior
Cover and unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Aflo Photo Agency p20(tl), Alamy/Allesalltag p85, Alamy/Yuri Arcurs p25 (c), Alamy/Art Directors and Trip p19(tc), Alamy/BAE Inc p106(r), Alamy/Bill Bachmann p28(1),Alamy/Vicki Beaver p54 (cr), Alamy/Konrad Bak p47(tr), Alamy/Simon Belcher p59(tea), Alamy/Blend Images pp37(f), 48(6), 62(4), 80(cl), Alamy/Brotherluck p64(bc), Alamy/Brownstock p62(8), Alamy/Cultura Creative pp41, 93(br), Alamy/Ian Dagnall p27(5), Alamy/Daisy-Daisy p64(tr), Alamy/Laurent Davoust p28(a), Alamy/Andy Dean Photography p51, Alamy Denkou Images p96(b), Alamy/Espixx p34(c), Alamy/Michael Flippo p19(bc), Alamy/Foodfolio p 62(1), Alamy/Andrew Fox p47(cl), Alamy/Elly Godfoy p64(br), Alamy/Colin Galloway p28(c), Alamy/Ellie Godfrey p 64(tc), Alamy/Jeff Greenberg p47(bl), Alamy/Nick Gregory pp37(b), 43, Alamy/Steve Hamblin p8(4), Alamy/Mike Hipple p 20(b), Alamy/Horizon International Images Ltd p61(l), Alamy/Doug Houghton p34(r), Alamy/Huntstock Inc p92(tr), Alamy/D Hurst pp 21(c), 84(2), Alamy/Iloveimages pp44(l), 62(3), 81, 94, Alamy/Image Source Plus p15(r), Alamy/Images and Stories p40(br), Alamy/INSADCO Photo Library p78, Alamy/Johner Images p18(br), Alamy/Kazin Ozcan Keles p 21(c), Alamy/MBI pp80(tl), 93(tr), Alamy/Ball Miwako p27(2), Alamy/Montgomery Martin p112, Alamy/Moodboard pp80(tr), 86(cr), Alamy/Jeff Morgan p48(9), Alamy/Mouse in the House p21(l), Alamy/OJO Images p91(t), Alamy/Gabe Palmer p25(r), Alamy/Andriy Petrenko p11(4), Alamy/Duncan Phillips p64(tc), Alamy/PhotoAlto pp7(br), 92(bl), Alamy/Photosindia/LLC p50(l), Alamy/Stefan Politi Mavkovina p34(l), Alamy/Purestock p61(r), Alamy/Andres Rodriguez p46, Alamy/Chris Rout p101, Alamy/Rubberball pp48(3), 79(r), Alamy/Salrycon p8(1), Alamy/Michael Schmeling p27(b), Alamy/Ian Shaw p28(6), Alamy/Dmitriy Shirononsov p92(br), Alamy/Anton Starikov p59(chicken), Alamy/Stockbroker p93(tl), Alamy/Tetra Images pp37(g), 40(tr,c), 47(tc), 96(f),108, Alamy/UK Stock Images Ltd p28(2), Alamy/Wavebreak Media pp110,112, Alamy/Zoonar GmbH p57(soup); Bananastock pp48(c,l); BrandX p59(rice); Comstock p113(3); Corbis/Blue Images p29, Corbis/Glow Images p57(toast), Corbis/Rick Gomez P7(tr), Corbis/Mark Hunt/Huntstock p7 (bl), Corbis/Mark ded Leeuw/Tetra Images pp35(c), 113(cl), Corbis/Lawrence Manning p89(bike), Corbis/Ocean pp28(8), 39(l); Getty Images pp38(tc,tl), 90, Getty Images/Olivia Bell p15(l), Getty Images/Bloomberg pp8(3), 18(tr), Getty Images/Brand New Images p39(r), Getty/Creative Crop p84(4), Getty Images/Daley & Newton p31, Getty Images/Danita Delimont p20(c), Getty Images/Digital Vision pp50(r), 62(6), Getty Images/George Doyle p11(5), Getty Images/Dream Pictures pp48(12), 54(l), Getty Images/Sam Edwards p37(c), Getty Images/Glow Images p7(tl), Getty Images/Mike Harrington p11(1), Getty Images/Jack Hollingworth p11(2), Getty Images/Image Source p65(c), Getty Images/Inigo Cia p27(3), Getty Images/Erik Isakson p103, Getty Images/Dave & Les Jacobs p12(l), Getty Images/Matt King p96(d), Getty Images/Ron Krisel p12(C), Getty Images/Jason La Veris/Film Magic p32(t), Getty Images/Lawren p55(c), Getty Images/Juan Monio p33, Getty Images/Kelvin Murray p28(9), Getty Images/Jose Luis Pelaez p28(j), Getty Images/D.Sharon Pruitt Pink Sherbert Photography p57(eggs), Getty Images/Andersen Ross p48, Getty Images/Stockbyte p28(d), Getty Images/Svetikd p24, Getty Images/Wire Image p38(tr),Getty Images/Maarten Wouters p86(cl); Image Source pp40(tc),53, 63, 65(r); Pixtel p95(tr); Rex Features/Broadimage p11(1), Rex Features/Keystone p11(5), Rex Features/Sipa USA p11(2), Rex Features/Startraks p 11(4), Rex Features/Ray Tamarra/Everett Collection p11(3), Rex Features/Victoria Watts p28(h); Stockbyte pp28(e,i), 89(umbrella, chair); Superstock/Age Fotostock pp 52(br), 54(br), Superstock/Corbis p48(7), Superstock/Image Source pp12(cl), 65(l), Superstock/Onoky p62(7); Thinkstock/Ablestock p28(f), Thinkstock/Comstock Images p37(e), Thinkstock/Digital Vision pp48(1,11), 86(tr), Thinkstock/Fogstock p37(a), Thinkstock/Fuse p48(4), Thinkstock/Hemera pp19(h), 44(c), 57(cereal, fruit salad), 82, 89 watch), Thinkstock/Ingram Publishing p107(t),Thinkstock/Jupiterimages pp11(3), 12(r), 27(7), 28(3), 44(r), 48(2,5), Thinkstock/Monkey Business p62(2), Thinkstock/iStockphoto pp8(2), 11(6), 15(c), 19(tr,bl,br), 20(r), 25(l), 27( 4,6,8,9,10), 28(4,5,7,10) 28(b,g), 32(b), 35(l,r), 37(d), 47(cr,br), 48(8), 48(b,r), 55(r), 57 (rice, sandwich, pasta, chicken, pizza, water, coffee, orange juice, milk), 59 (bread, cheese, milk, pizza), 79(l,c), 80(cr), 84(1,3,5,6), 95(b), 95(cl,cr), 93(c,cl), 96(a.e,g,h), 97, 106(c), 109(1,3,4,5,6), 109, 113(1,2,4,5,6), Thinkstock/Photodisc pp57(salad), 58, Thinkstock/PhotoObjects.net p107(2), 93(cr),Thinkstock/Christopher Robbins pp50(cl), 86(t), Thinkstock/Stockbyte pp12(cr), 55(l), 95(c), Thinkstock/Maria Teijeiro p30, Thinkstock/WavebreakMedia p89(laptop).

Student’s Resource Centre and Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Student’s Book written by Dorothy E. Zemach
Video worksheets written by Rachael Roberts

First published 2014

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by John Marshall Media Limited
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited
Video worksheets illustrations by Sally Elford and Tony Wilkins

The authors and publishers wish to thank the copyright holders of the photographs from openMind Starter Student’s Book for allowing them to be used within this product. Full details can be found in the openMind Starter Student’s Book and in the IPTC of the images:
Alamy/Purestock p65; Corbis/Blend Images p41(cl); Corbis/Hugh Sitton p41; Thinkstock/iStockphoto 41(tr), 41(cl), 41(cr), 41(b)

Video media supplied by Alamy, Audio Network, BBC, Corbis Images, Corbis Motion, ITN Source, ITN Source/Reuters, Getty, Getty Images

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies

Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska

First published 2014

Based on the print design by emc design limited
Audio produced by John Marshall Media Inc
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Illustrations by Peter Cornwell, Sally Elford, emc design limited, Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists.

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Allesalltag, Alamy/BAE Inc, Alamy/Blend Images, Alamy/Cultura Creative, Alamy Denkou Images, Alamy/Huntstock Inc, Alamy/D Hurst, Alamy/Iloveimages, Alamy/INSADCO Photo Library, Alamy/MBI, Alamy/Montgomery Martin, Alamy/Moodboard, Alamy/OJO Images, Alamy/PhotoAlto, Alamy/Chris Rout, Alamy/Rubberball, Alamy/Dmitriy Shirononsov, Alamy/Stockbroker, Alamy/Tetra Images, Alamy/Wavebreak Media, Comstock, Corbis/Mark ded Leeuw/Tetra Images, Corbis/Lawrence Manning, Getty Images, Getty/Creative Crop, Getty Images/Erik Isakson, Getty Images/Matt King, Getty Images/Maarten Wouters; Pixtel, Stockbyte, Thinkstock/Digital Vision, Thinkstock/Hemera, Thinkstock/Ingram Publishing, Thinkstock/iStockphoto, Thinkstock/PhotoObjects.net,Thinkstock/Christopher Robbins, Thinkstock/Stockbyte, Thinkstock/WavebreakMedia. Cover photographs courtesy of Corbis/Michelle Pedone

 

openMind Level 1

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

openMind Level 1 Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45908-3
openMind Level 1 Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45904-5
openMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46961-7
openMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49509-8
openMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49506-7
openMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49507-4
openMind Level 1 Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-44715-8
openMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45923-6
openMind Level 1 Workbook with key
ISBN 978-0-230-45769-0
openMind Level 1 Workbook without key
ISBN 978-0-230-45920-5
openMind Level 1 Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-46962-4
openMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49508-1
openMind Level 1 Student Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-45905-2
openMind Level 1 Teacher Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-46963-1
openMind Level 1 Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45936-6
openMind Level 1 Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45934-2
openMind Level 1 Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45928-1
openMind Level 1 Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45925-0
openMind Level 1 DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47245-7
openMind Level 1 Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32803-8

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published 2014
First edition published 2010

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles

Designed by Phoenix Photosetting, Chatham, Kent
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp40, 48, 54 (top), 80, 81, 88, 110, 123, 134, 149, 153; Sally Elford pp28, 39, 64, 65, 94, 135; Janos Jantner (Beehive Illustration) pp40; Eva Thimgren (The Organisation) 58; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp6, 22, 60, 124, 139
Cover design by emc design limitedCover photographs by Corbis/Ted Levine
Cover and unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of the Open Mind series: Carolina Ezeta, Universidad Tecnológica de Querétaro; Karl Schmack, Centro Cultural Costarricense Norteamericano; Maria Elisabeth Schmid de Mattos, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Martha Patricia Sánchez, Colegio Anahuac Revolución; Leigh Darlaine Langenegger, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Ricardo Pizelli Goiatá, Curso Bridge over Cam; Franklin Téllez, Centro Cultural Nicaragüense Norteamericano; Jim Nixon, Colegio Cervantes Costa Rica; Rosario Mena, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Leticia de la Peña, Colegio Lincoln; Héctor Sánchez, PROULEX; Eric Tejeda, PROULEX; Arturo Hernández, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajara; Grisel del Rosario, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Maria do Socorro Guimarães, IBEU -Rio de Janeiro; Diego Medina, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Julio Prin, Centro Venezolano Americano; María Guadalupe Muñoz, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Lourdes Molleda, Tec Milenio; Frances Gritzewsky, Prepa Tec Eugenio Garza; Magneli Villanueva Morales, Universidad Regiomontana; Anderson Lopes Siqueira, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Emilia Rubenova, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; Lourdes Pérez Valdespino, Universidad Del Valle de México, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Centro Cultural Salvadoreño Americano; Márcia Soares Guimarães, Instituto Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos -Belo Horizonte; Leonor Rosales, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey; Martha Larraga, Unitec Escobedo; Cândido Prado, CCBEU – Goiânia; Janet Keyser, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Julie Khatcherian, Manhattan Trade Language Company; Francisco Nieto, Universidad Metropolitana; Artemisa Sangermán, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Nico Wieserma, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Vagner Serafim, Centro Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos; Lourdes Baledón, Universidad Intercontinental; Clara Lucía López, Centro Colombo Americano Manizales; Gabriela Rodríguez, Colegio Oviedo Schontal; Waldo Andrade, CBI: Centro Butantã Idiomas – São Paulo; Anthony Shull, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México; Tamara Rojas, Escuela Benjamín Franklin; Martha Rosas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus San Rafael; Fabiano Cella, Universidade de São Paulo, curso Poliglota; Sheila Moreno, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Tlalpan; Patricia Venegas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Lomas Verdes; Luciana Guarnier, Seven Idiomas; Diana Jones, Angloamericano; Carlos Lizárraga, Angloamericano; Emma Domínguez, The Anglo; Luis Cabrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Luciane Oliveira, New York School; Cristina Moya, Colegio Morelos; Elda Beraza, Colegio Montes de Oca, Cuernavaca; Elza Massae Sato, FMU, São Paulo; Lucía Canseco Campoy, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Hermosillo; Emma Luisa Domínguez Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Yolanda Domínguez del Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Maria Antonieta Gagliardi, Centro Britânico – São Paulo; David Toledo, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Alicia Cabrero, Universidad Autónoma San Luis Potosí; Danielle Sales, Senac – Rio de Janeiro; Claudio Barros, Flex Idiomas; Rina de Góngora, del Instituto Guatemalteco Americano; Adriana Alcalá, Kate Cory-Wright, Chris Bauer; Moisés Ramírez; Universidad Chauhtémoc Centro de Lenguas y Linguística Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas; Instituto Tecnológico Centro Americano; CELE Mascarones; Ministerio de Educación de El Salvador; Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcoyotl; Universidad del Tepeyac; Instituto Politécnico Nacional ESIME CELEX; Instituto Quebec; Colegio La Salle del Pedregal; Universidad Pedagógica Nacional; Universidad de la República Mexicana; Universidad Norteamericana; Fundación Empresarial para el Desarrollo Educativo; Operadora La Salle; Seven São Paulo; Universidad de Oriente; UNIVA; Centro de Capacitación Manuel Sandoval Vallarta; Universidad de El Salvador; Escuela de Jurisprudencia; Universidad de Valle de México, Campus Puebla; Alumni São Paulo; Dr Amany Shawkey, Mrs Heidi Omara, Mrs Hala Fouad (Egypt); Faisal Mreish (Lebanon); Mrs Magda Giomazi (Libya); Petra Florianová, Gymnázium, Praha 6, Arabská 14; Inés Frigerio, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto; Alison Greenwood, University of Bologna, Centro Linguistico di Ateneo; Roumyana Yaneva Ivanova, The American College of Sofia; Tánˇa Jancˇarˇíková, SOŠ Drtinova Prague; Mari Carmen Lafuente, Escuela Oficial de Idiomas Hospitalet, Barcelona; Alice Lockyer, Pompeu Fabra University; Javier Roque Sandro

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Ambient Images Inc. pp108,113(b), Blue Jean Images p26(cr), David Cairns p72(A), Cultura Creative p20(C), Steve Davey Photography 52(br), Laurent Davoust p85(cr), Dex Image p26(br), f4foto p136(4), Golden Pixels LLC p12, Gyula Gyukli p27(cmr), Adrian Hall p137(bcr), Colin Hawkins p120(br), Jane Hobson p20(I), i love images/men’s lifestyle p93(tmr), Ice Tea Media p9(cl), Image Asset Management Ltd. p116(tcr), Image Source p29(br), Image Source Plus p59(music festival), Juice Images p20(E), Juniors Bildarchiv GmbH p72(C), Jon Parker Lee p127(bl), Larry Lilac p19(C), Lusoimages – Technology p87(tm), Francisco Martinez p113(br), Mitja Mladkovic p84, Moodboard pp29(cm),136(2), Frank Paul p99(cl), PhotoAlto sas p69(E), PhotoIndia.com LLC p69(A), Photo Researchers p114, Prisma Bildagentur AG p95(cml), Thomas Reavill p100, Andres Rodriguez pp24,122(tr), Gary Roebuck p14, Dmitriy Shironosov p122(tcml), Kumar Sriskandan p13, Tetra Images p32(bcl), Val Thoermer p122(tcl), Marc Tielemans p31(A), Wavebreak Media Ltd pp27(bmr),105(tmr), H. Mark Weidman Photography p59(restaurant), Adrian Weinbrecht p16(3), Zak Hussein/WENN.com p116(bcr), Westend61GmbH p82(4), whiteboxmedia limited p82(3), World Religions Photo Library p51, Brian Cahn/ ZUMAPRESS.com p50; Apple Computers/Courtesy Apple Computers p27(bcr); Bananastock pp56(cr),90(bmr),134, Punchstock p90(bl); BRAND X p90(B); ChooseMyPlate.gov p90(cr); Comstock Images p90(N); Corbis p90(bml), Jerry Arcieri p17(t), Bettmann p112(tl), Assembly/Blend Images p59(inset tr), Priscilla Gragg/Blend Images p43(tr), JGI/Jamie Grill/Blend Images pp46(tr),66(bmr), Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/Blend Images p66(tcr), Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/Blend Image/Blend Images p35, Edward Bock p26(cl), Sean de Burca p41, A. Geh/F1 Online p64, Randy Faris p66(bml), Rachel Frank p137(cr), Patrik Giardino p105(br), Hero Images pp22,89(cr), Jon Hicks p106(tr), Erik Isakson p99(cr), Helen King p26(cm), Bob Krist p106(cl), Don Mason/Blend Images p137 (cl), Ocean pp11(cr),69(D), 137(cm), PhotoAlto p103, Odilon Dimier/PhotoAlto p32(br), Photomorgana p89(cl), Ed Quinn p115, Radius Images p43(br), Redlink Production p136(3), Shannon Stapleton/Reuters p99(tcr), Ken Seet p30, JENS SCHMIDT/STOCK4B/Stock4B p42(br), Dann Tardif/LWA p42(F) Sandro Vannini p109(cm); Getty Images pp25(tr,tcr),31(bcl),90(C,F,G,H,I,J,L,P),110,111,112(br), 116(br), AFP pp70(cl,cr),116(tr), Alex and Laila p46(b), altrendo images p63, Helen Ashford p42(E), Eric Audras pp66-67,120(tr), Henk Badenhorst p59(friends laughing), Thomas Barwick p66(bcr), Daniel Bendjy p20(A), Walter Bibikow p56(b), Bloomberg via Getty Images p31(B), Boston Globe via Getty Images p20(B), Marco Brivio p107(t), Photo by Michael Buckner/Getty Images for BET p19(2), Peter Cade p32(cl), Nano Calvo p26(bc), Reggie Casagrande p61(cr), Cavan Images p93(tr), John Coletti p102(cr), Comstock Images p33, John Cumming p59(swimming), Datacraft Co Ltd p59(inset br), Digital Vision pp9(tr),21(cr),42(B),122(br), Nick Dolding p136(1), Photo by FOX via Getty Images p74(tr), FilmMagic pp23,25(tl), Fuse p83, Elena Genova p15, John Giustina pp121,130(cr), Jen Grantham p42(A), Daniel Grill p11(1), ML Harris p20(H), Stephen Hayward p96(cl), Hill Street Studios p20(D), Walter Hodges p20(G), Jack Hollingsworth p16(1), Utah-based photographer Ryan Houston p60(bl), John Howard p55, Hisham Ibrahim p99(tcm), Dave & Les Jacobs p122(tcr), Cultura/Robin James p25(br), Jupiter images p89(tcr), Mike Kemp Images p122(tl), Taylor S. Kennedy p122(tm), Shuji Kobayashi p99(bcm), Walter Krecichwost p73, Daniel Krieger Photography 95(cmr), Klaus Lahnstein p16(4), Justin Lambert p59(market, inset tl), Bruce Laurance p11(4), Photography by Tuomas Lehtinen p125, Rob Lewine p32(bl), Ulla Lohmann p45, Lonely Planet p59(inset bl), Brian Macdonald p95(cr), James McLoughlin p61(cl), Elke Meitzel p11(2), John & Lisa Merrill p49(D), Peter Muller p44, NBC Newswire via Getty Images p31(cl), ZenShui/Sigrid Olson p102(br), Lauri Patterson p82(1), Photodisc p80, Plattform p53, Purestock pp52(tcl),60(br), Redferns p99(tr), Andersen Ross p140, Photo by Donata Sardella/Getty Images for Vanity Fair p31(bl), Zen Sekizawa p29(tcl), Jordan Siemens p70(bl), Stephen Simpson p9(cr), Blend Images/Ariel Skelley p26(bl), Images by Steve Skinner Photography p105(tcr), John Sones Singing Bowl Media p105(tcmr), Stockbyte pp21(cl),96(cr), Kniel Synnatzschke p66(bcm), Susan Trigg p119(tr), Art Vandalay p36(tcr), Freudenthal Verhagen p79(cr), Justin Voight p36(tcl), Gary Wade p11(3), Adrian Weinbrecht p42(C), Westend61 p32(cr), WireImage pp70(cm),105(tr),131, Yukmin p52(tcr); Glow Images/Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/Blend Images p32(bm), Rick Gomez/Blend RF p36(tcm), Inti St Clair/Blend RM p32(tr), Rick Gomez/BoostRF p77, Cultura p32(bcm), Hybrid Images/Cultura p127(tr), JTB Photo p49(C), Radius Images p95(cl); Image Source pp20(F),90(D,br),104(tr); Jacobs Stock Photography p138; Macmillan Publishers Ltd p52(tl), Paul Bricknell Photography p75(1,2), Studio 8 pp16(2),104(br), David Tolley p36(cl); The National Archives p17(tr); PHOTOALTO pp32(cm),90(E,K); Photodisc/Getty Images pp90(O),91(tl); Photoshot/Xinhua p49(B); Rex Features/Equinox pp29(cl),130(br), Evening News p113(tr), c.20thC.Fox/Everett p34(cmr), c.Universal/Everett p34(cl), CSU Archives/Everett Collection p109(bcr), Courtesy Everett Collection p34(cml), Globe Photos p109(cl), Dan Graves p72(B), Hatami Collection p109(cr), Charles Knight p109(tcr), Herbie Knott p109(tcm), Eddie Mulholland p69(C), Tony Nutley p109(tcmr), Sipa Press pp19(3),49(A), SNAP p34(cr), Unimedia Images p19(1); Superstock/Corbis p20(J), IMAGE SOURCE p32(bcr), Stock Connection p71; Thinkstock p62, George Doyle p122(tcmr), Fuse p119(cl), George Doyle & Ciaran Griffin p87(tr), Hemera pp19(B),99(cm), Jack Hollingsworth p66(bl), Ingra Publishing p90(M), Istockphoto pp27(tcr,tcmr),31(C),36(cm),42(D),56(tr),59(family),61(cm),66(bcrr,cr),69(B),70(br),79(tcmr,cml,cl),82(2),87(tl,tcl,tcm,cl,cm),90(A),91(tr),107(c), JupiterImages pp74(cr),79(tr), Keith Levit Photography p36(cr), Ryan McVay p85(cl), Medioimages/Photodisc p91(tm), Thomas Northcutt p137(bcm), Martin Poole pp66(tr),79(cm), Stockbyte pp19(A),87(tcr), Zoonar p87(cr).

The authors and publishers are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material: p.40 ‘Type of bird excerpt’ from the book THE BODY CLOCK GUIDE TO BETTER HEALTH by Michael Smolensky and Lynne Lamberg. Copyright © 2000 by Michael Smolensky and Lynne Lamberg. Reprinted by arrangement with Henry Holt and Company, LLC.

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Tim Bowen

Designed by Expo Holdings, Malaysia
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Limited

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr. Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska
Additional material by Angela Hewitt

Designed by emc design Ltd
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp35, 44, 49, 54; Sally Elford pp27, 29, 38, 46; Mo Choy Design Ltd. pp31, 40, 55; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp6, 11, 15, 19, 34, 43, 56, 59, 61, 67
Photographic research: Susannah Jayes
Cover concept: Tony Richardson
Cover Images: Corbis/Ted Levine

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Beyond Fotomedia GmbH p5(tr), David Burton p21(5), Nick Cleave Photography p10(A), BRUCE COLEMAN INC. p64(cr), Tony Cordoza p21(6), Cultura Creative (RF) p71(bcm), directphoto.bz p72, imagebroker pp14,21(3),74(tcmr), Evgeny Karandaev p47(4), Chris Kelly p47(3), MBI p24, PHOVOIR p42(cr), M.Sobreira p21(4), Hugh Threlfall p47(2), Wavebreak Media ltd p13, szefei wong p5(cml); Apple Computers/Courtesy Apple Computers p47(1); BananaStock p44(tmr); Brand X pp10(E),36(tr),47(5),52(8),69(1); Comstock Images pp44(tl),52(1,4,9); Corbis/Benelux p71(tr), Heide Benser p12, Bettmann p68, Erik Isakson/Blend Images p42(cm), Andersen Ross/Blend Images p26, Don Hammond/Design Pics p69(3), ©Emannuel Dunand/epa p64(tl), David Spurdens/www.ExtremeSportsPhoto.com p18, Hulton-Deutsch Collection p64(cl), Ed Kashi p65(b), moodboard p69(2), Ocean p44(tr), Tim Pannell p4, Douglas Peebles p58, Studio Eye p60; Getty Images p52(7,10,13), Apelöga p8, Gonzalo Azumendi p33(4,5), John W Banagan p63, Paul Bernhardt p71(bcr), Michael Blann p21(7), Anders Blomqvist p71(tl), zhang bo p7, Greg Ceo p46(tr), Design Pics/Deddeda p67, Gordon Dixon p10(B), Emilio Ereza p21(1), French School p10(F), Don Fuchs p74(t), Fuse pp5(tcr),44(tml), Glow Cuisine p54(2), Rubberball/Mike Kemp p41, Paul Kennedy p29, Christian Kober p28, Rob Lawson p47(cl), Siegfried Layda p33(1), Ron Levine p16(tmr), Lonely Planet p33(3), Ghislain & Marie David de Lossy p71(bcl), Zoran Milich p10(C), Moment p46(tmr), Medioimages/Photodisc p9, John Lund/Marc Romanelli p23, Felix Sanchez p16(tr), Luca Trovato p54(1), Andrew Unangst p47(cr), Design Pics/Sean White p74(cr); Macmillan Publishers Ltd/Paul Bricknell p52(6), Rob Judges/Des Dubber p10(D), David Tolley/Dean Ryan p30, David Tolley p52(5); Photoalto p57; Photodisc p17, Photodisc/Getty Images p52(3); Photoshot p33(2), NHPA p65(tr); Press Association/Steve Parsons/PA Archive p64(bcl); Rex Features/Tom Dymond p64(bcr), ©Sony Pics/Everett p75(cr), Warner Br./Everett p73, ©Weinstein/Everett p75(tr), ITV p64(tr), Snap Stills p75(br); Superstock/Asia Images p42(cl); Thinkstock/Istockphoto pp21(2),32,36(C),47(cm), 50,52(11,12),p54(3,4), George Doyle/Stockbyte p52(2).

Student’s Resource Centre and Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles
Video worksheets written by Ingrid Wisniewska

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2014

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by John Marshall Media Limited
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

The authors and publishers wish to thank the copyright holders of the photographs from openMind Level 1 Student’s Book for allowing them to be used within this product. Full details can be found in the openMind Level 1 Student’s Book and in the IPTC of the images:
Gurpal Singh Datta/India Picture p31; Simon Wilkinson p43; Chad Ehlers p55(tcr); Michael Krinke p55(tcmr); Rick Neves p55(cr); TB Photo p55(B), Xinhua p55(D), Sipa Press 55(c), Carlo Tischler p55(A), Istockphoto p79, Tabor Gus p103, Geoffrey Robinson p127, Bloomberg via Getty Images p139, ONOKY-Photononstop p151

Video media supplied by
AP, Alamy, Audio Network, BBC, Corbis Images, Corbis Motion, Framepool, Fremantle Media, ITN Source, Macmillan Publishers Ltd, Getty, Getty Images, Science Photo Library

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies
Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska

First published 2014

Based on the print design by emc design ltd
Audio produced by John Marshall Media Inc
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell, Sally Elford, Mo Choy Design Ltd., Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists).

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Beyond Fotomedia GmbH, David Burton, NickCleave Photography, BRUCE COLEMAN INC., Tony Cordoza, Cultura Creative (RF), directphoto.bz, imagebroker, Evgeny Karandaev, Chris Kelly, MBI , PHOVOIR, M.Sobreira, Hugh Threlfall, Wavebreak Media ltd, szefei wong, Apple Computers/Courtesy Apple Computers, BananaStock, Brand X, Comstock Images, Corbis/Benelux, Heide Benser , Bettmann, Erik Isakson/Blend Images, Andersen Ross/Blend Images, Don Hammond/Design Pics, ©Emannuel Dunand/epa, David Spurdens/www.ExtremeSportsPhoto.com , Hulton-Deutsch Collection, Ed Kashi, moodboard, Ocean, Tim Pannell, Douglas Peebles, Studio Eye, Getty Images, Apelöga, Gonzalo Azumendi, John W Banagan, Paul Bernhardt, Michael Blann, Anders Blomqvist, zhang bo, Greg Ceo, Design Pics/Deddeda, Gordon Dixon, Emilio Ereza, French School, Don Fuchs, Fuse, Glow Cuisine, Rubberball/Mike Kemp, Paul Kennedy, Christian Kober, Rob Lawson, Siegfried Layda , Ron Levine, Lonely Planet, Ghislain & Marie David de Lossy, Zoran Milich, Moment, Medioimages/Photodisc, John Lund/Marc Romanelli, Felix Sanchez, Luca Trovato, Andrew Unangst, Design Pics/Sean White, Macmillan Publishers Ltd/Paul Bricknell, Rob Judges/Des Dubber, David Tolley/Dean Ryan, David Tolley, Photoalto, Photodisc, Photodisc/Getty Images, Photoshot, NHPA, Press Association/Steve Parsons/PA Archive, Rex Features/Tom Dymond , ©Sony Pics/Everett, Warner Br./Everett, ©Weinstein/Everett, ITV, Snap Stills, Superstock/Asia Images, Thinkstock/Istockphoto, George Doyle/Stockbyte. Cover concept: Tony Richardson

openMind Level 2

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

openMind Level 2 Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45943-4
openMind Level 2 Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45937-3
openMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-47033-0
openMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49514-2
openMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49511-1
openMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49512-8
openMind Level 2 Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45761-4
openMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45956-4
openMind Level 2 Workbook with key
ISBN 978-0-230-45770-6
openMind Level 2 Workbook without key
ISBN 978-0-230-45955-7
openMind Level 2 Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-46964-8
openMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49513-5
openMind Level 2 Student Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-45942-7
openMind Level 2 Teacher Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-47034-7
openMind Level 2 Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45970-0
openMind Level 2 Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-45968-7
openMind Level 2 Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45961-8
openMind Level 2 Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45958-8
openMind Level 2 DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47246-4
openMind Level 2 Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32804-5

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published 2014
First edition published 2010

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp 30, 59, 60, 68, 72, 96, 100, 110, 113, 90; Mark Duffin p114; Rohan Eason (Illustration Ltd) p42; Sally Elfod pp12, 23, 35, 43, 92, 130, 137; Tony Wilkins pp16, 26, 95; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp31, 40, 58, 63, 70, 80.
Cover design and picture research by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark ltd.
Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Blue jean images
Picture research by Alison Prior
Unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The authors would like to thank the schools, teachers and students whose input has been invaluable in preparing this new edition. They would also like to thank the editorial and design teams at Macmillan for doing such a great job of organizing the material and bringing it to life.

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of the openMind series:
Carolina Ezeta, Universidad Tecnológica de Querétaro; Karl Schmack, Centro Cultural Costarricense Norteamericano; Maria Elisabeth Schmid de Mattos, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Martha Patricia Sánchez, Colegio Anahuac Revolución; Leigh Darlaine Langenegger, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Ricardo Pizelli Goiatá, Curso Bridge over Cam; Franklin Téllez, Centro Cultural Nicaragüense Norteamericano; Jim Nixon, Colegio Cervantes Costa Rica; Rosario Mena, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Leticia de la Peña, Colegio Lincoln; Héctor Sánchez, PROULEX; Eric Tejeda, PROULEX; Arturo Hernández, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajara; Grisel del Rosario, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Maria do Socorro Guimarães, IBEU -Rio de Janeiro; Diego Medina, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Julio Prin, Centro Venezolano Americano; María Guadalupe Muñoz, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Lourdes Molleda, Tec Milenio; Frances Gritzewsky, Prepa Tec Eugenio Garza; Magneli Villanueva Morales, Universidad Regiomontana; Anderson Lopes Siqueira, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Emilia Rubenova, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; Lourdes Pérez Valdespino, Universidad Del Valle de México, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Centro Cultural Salvadoreño Americano; Márcia Soares Guimarães, Instituto Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos -Belo Horizonte; Leonor Rosales, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey; Martha Larraga, Unitec Escobedo; Cândido Prado, CCBEU – Goiânia; Janet Keyser, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Julie Khatcherian, Manhattan Trade Language Company; Francisco Nieto, Universidad Metropolitana; Artemisa Sangermán, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Nico Wieserma, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Vagner Serafim, Cento Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos; Lourdes Baledón, Universidad Intercontinental; Clara Lucía López, Centro Colombo Americano Manizales; Gabriela Rodríguez, Colegio Oviedo Schontal; Waldo Andrade, CBI: Centro Butantã Idiomas – São Paulo; Anthony Shull, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México; Tamara Rojas, Escuela Benjamín Franklin; Martha Rosas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus San Rafael; Fabiano Cella, Universidade de São Paulo, curso Poliglota; Sheila Moreno, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Tlalpan; Patricia Venegas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Lomas Verdes; Luciana Guarnier, Seven Idiomas; Diana Jones, Angloamericano; Carlos Lizárraga, Angloamericano; Emma Domínguez, The Anglo; Luis Cabrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Luciane Oliveira, New York School; Cristina Moya, Colegio Morelos; Elda Beraza, Colegio Montes de Oca, Cuernavaca; Elza Massae Sato, FMU, São Paulo; Lucía Canseco Campoy, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Hermosillo; Emma Luisa Domínguez Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Yolanda Domínguez del Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Maria Antonieta Gagliardi, Centro Britânico – São Paulo; David Toledo, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Alicia Cabrero, Universidad Autónoma San Luis Potosí; Danielle Sales, Senac – Rio de Janeiro; Claudio Barros, Flex Idiomas; Rina de Góngora, del Instituto Guatemalteco Americano; Adriana Alcalá, Kate Cory-Wright, Chris Bauer; Moisés Ramírez; Universidad Chauhtémoc Centro de Lenguas y Linguística Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas; Instituto Tecnológico Centro Americano; CELE Mascarones; Ministerio de Educación de El Salvador; Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcoyotl; Universidad del Tepeyac; Instituto Politécnico Nacional ESIME CELEX; Instituto Quebec; Colegio La Salle del Pedregal; Universidad Pedagógica Nacional; Universidad de la República Mexicana; Universidad Norteamericana; Fundación Empresarial para el Desarrollo Educativo; Operadora La Salle; Seven São Paulo; Universidad de Oriente; UNIVA; Centro de Capacitación Manuel Sandoval Vallarta; Universidad de El Salvador; Escuela de Jurisprudencia; Universidad de Valle de México, Campus Puebla; Alumni São Paulo; Dr Amany Shawkey, Mrs Heidi Omara, Mrs Hala Fouad (Egypt); Faisal Mreish (Lebanon); Mrs Magda Giomazi (Libya). Petra Florianová, Gymnázium, Praha 6, Arabská 14; Inés Frigerio, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto; Alison Greenwood, University of Bologna, Centro Linguistico di Ateneo; Roumyana Yaneva Ivanova, The American College of Sofia; áňa Jančaříková, SOŠ Drtinova Prague; Mari Carmen Lafuente, Escuela Oficial de Idiomas Hospitalet, Bacelona; Alice Lockyer, Pompeu Fabra University; Javier Roque Sandro Majul, Windmill School of English; Paul Neale, Susan Carol Owens and Beverley Anne Sharp, Cambridge Academy of English; Audrey Renton, Dubai Men’s College, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE; Martin Stanley, British Council, Bilbao; Luiza Wójtowicz-Waga, Warsaw Study Centre; Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Getxo; Cámar de Comercio de Bilbao; Universidad Autónoma de Bellaterra; Escuela Oficia de Idiomas EOI de Barcelona; University of Barcelona; Escuela Oficial d Idiomas Sant Gervasi.

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Age Photostock p49(tl), Alamy/Allstar Picture Library p136(Selena Gomez), Alamy/Yuri Arcurs p26, Alamy/Asia Images Group Ltd p139(bowling), Alamy/Beyond Fotomedia GmbH p117(tr), Alamy/Blend Images p90(l), Alamy/Blickwinkel pp27(br), 79(bl), Alamy/Bon Appetit p109(freezer), Alamy/Pearl Bucknall p29(bc), Alamy/CJC Technology p109(tablet), Alamy/Caroline Commins p95, Alamy/Richard Cooke p29(br), Alamy/Ashley Cooper p111(3), Alamy/Celebrity p136 (Anne Hathaway, Zac Efron), Alamy/Cultura Creative p133, Alamy/DC Photo pp109(hairdryer), 117(tl), Alamy/Dubassy p52, Alamy/Eye35p114(b), Alamy/GL Archive p19(bc), Alamy/Tim Graham p36, Alamy/Alex Hare p32(cr), Alamy/Hemis p49(bc), Alamy/Tim Hill 75(chilli), Alamy/Imagebroker pp30(t), 99(t), Alamy/INDASCO Photography p82(b), Alamy/Kuzana p113, Alamy/Geraint Lewis p19(br), Alamy/Lou-foto p109(games console), Alamy/MBI p139(movies), Alamy/MediaColors p37(r), Alamy/Andrew Michael p49(bl), Alamy/MO:SES p89(cr), Alamy/George Munday p49(tr), Alamy/MXA p37(b), Alamy/Naglestock p89(cl), Alamy/OJO Images Ltd p39(t,l), Alamy/Sam O’Neill p42, Alamy/Photos12 pp9(tr),19(tr), Alamy/PhotoAlto pp79(tr), 94, Alamy/PhotosIndia.com LLC pp53, 86, Alamy/Lynnette Peizer p27(tl), Alamy/Brian Posey p79(tl), Alamy/Dean Qeramit p33, Alamy/An Qi p20, Alamy/Radius Images pp21,79(br), Alamy/Ray Art Graphics p110, Alamy/Rob Rayworth p14, Alamy/Alex Segre p109(mobile phone), Alamy/Salvo Severino p69(bc), Alamy/Source Plus p121(r), Alamy/Robert Stainforth p90(r), Alamy/Stockbroker p117(bl), Alamy/Peter Stroh p9(bl), Alamy/Tetra Images pp122, 127(b), Alamy/Peter Titmuss p109(satnav), Alamy/WavebreakMedia p46(b), Alamy/Edwad Westmacott p56(l), Alamy/Elizabeth Whiting & Associates p135, Alamy/Yay Media AS p99(r), Alamy/Prisma Bildagentur AG p30(b); Cartoonstock p119 (all); Corbis/Eric Audas pp16(bl), 22, Corbis/Fabrizio Bensch p112, Corbis/Larry Downing p9(br), Corbis/Erik Isakson p61, Corbis/HBSS p106, Corbis/Hiya Images p76, Corbis/Fabrice Lerouge/Onoky p103, Corbis/Edward Linden p64, Corbis/Yi Lu/Viewstock p69(tc), Corbis/Moodboard p127(r), Corbis/Nigel Pavitt/JAI p138(c), Corbis/Susan Ragan/Reuters p9(tl), Corbis/Riou/Photocuisine p69(br), Corbis/Sherwin/epa p69)bl), Corbis/Hugh Sitton p27(bl),Corbis/Brian Smith p16(tl); Getty Images pp16(cr), 50(tc), 56(tr), Getty Images/AFP pp16(tr), 56(cr), Getty Images/Tim Barker p49(br), Getty Images/Don Bayley p39(c),Getty Images/Bloomberg p37(cr), Getty Images/Paul Bradbury p79(bc), Getty Images/Nicole Branan p75(b), Getty Images/William Thomas Cain p90(c), Getty Images/Reggie Casagrande p139(meal), Getty Images/George Clerk p127(l), Getty Images/Gerard Coles p89(t), Getty Images/Comstock p123, Getty Images/Ozgur Donmaz p50(tr),Getty Images/Georgette Douwma p29(tl), Getty Images/Josie Elias p138(r), Getty Images/Mark Hooper p93(r), Getty Images/Jade p102, Getty Images/Jason Kempin p136(Ryan Gosling), Getty Images/Mike Lawrie p19(tl), Getty Images/Maltida Lindeblad p99, Getty Images/Lawrence Lucier p69(tr), Getty Images/John Miles p27(tr),Getty Images/Stuart O’Sullivan p139(picnic), Getty Images/PM Images p77(l), Getty Images/Melinda Podar p100, Getty Images/Michael Pohuski p109(microwave), Getty Image/Redferns p50(tl), Getty Images/Reporters Association p19(bl), Getty Images/Martin Ruegner p138(l), Getty Images/Stockbyte pp46(t), 66, Getty Images/Wire Image pp51, 55, Getty Images/Yagi Studio p87, Getty Images/Antonia Zhangh p29(tr); Frank Lane Picture Agency/David Tipling p83, FPLA/Hiroya Minakuchi/Minden Pictures p84; Kobal Collection/Warner Bros p24, Kobal Collection/20th Century Fox/Max Groening p25; Pixtel p32(l); Press Association p74(b); Rex Features p74(t); Superstock/Corbis p139(party); Superstock/Yuri Arcurs Media p25(cr); Thinkstock pp15, 29 (bl), 37, 44, 47, 62(t,b), 67(all), 71(t.b), 73, 75(a,b,c,d,e,), 75(kiwi,sweet potato), 77(c,r), 79(tc), 82(t), 85, 93(l), 104, 109(camera), 111(1,2,4,5,6), 114(t), 117(br), 121(l), 124, 125, 141.

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Tim Bowen

Designed by Expo Holdings, Malaysia
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Limited

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr. Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell page 9, 21, 24, 35, 39, 42 (Ex 5A); Sally Elford page 5, 19, 36, 41, 69; Niall Harding (Beehive Illustration) page 42 (Ex 4C); Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) page 27, 51, 54, 57, 73.
Cover design by emc design limited
Cover photograph by Getty Images / Blue Jean Images
Picture research by Alison Prior

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Rudolf Abraham p28(r), Alamy/The Art Archive p66(tl), Alamy/Axiom Design Picturesn Inc p38, Alamy/Rob Ball p32(b), Alamy/Patrick Batchelder p6(2), Alamy/Roman Bayle p64(4), Alamy/Blend Images pp18(t), 28(l), Alamy/Bon Appetit p43(r), Alamy/Celebrity p32(tr), Alamy/Chris Deeney p48,Alamy/Chad Ehlers p18(r), Alamy/epa p32(tl), Alamy/Everett Collection p66(tc), Alamy/Gaba/G&B Images p64(2), Alamy/David Gee p18(l), Alamy/Jeff Gilbert p34(bl), Alamy/Hemis p56(tl), Alamy/D Hurst p45(tl), Alamy/Icelandic Photo Agency p32(tc), Alamy/Imagebroker p49, Alamy/ImageSource p52, Alamy/Incamerastock p17, Alamy/Jacques Jangoux p54, Alamy/Boris Karpinski p56(tc), Alamy/Fredrick Kippe p59(r), Alamy/Igor Klimov p24(br), Alamy/Lebrecht Music & Arts Photo Library p15(cr), Alamy/Barry Lewis p15(br), Alamy/Ian Middleton (bl), Alamy/David L Moore p37(t), Alamy/Tobias Naumann p20, Alamy/Kasia Nowak p64(1), Alamy/David P G Philips p43(l), Alamy/PhotoAlto p71, Alamy/Q-Images p37(b), Alamy/Ian Shaw p13, Alamy/Dimitriy Shironosov p11(b), Alamy/Antony Souter p28(c), Alamy/Charles Stirling p64(8), Alamy/Ken Tam p44(r), Alamy/Tetra Images p53(tr,bl), Getty Image/David C Tomlinson p56(tr), Alamy/Henry Westheim Photography p7; Corbis p75,Corbis/Toshiyuki Aizawa/Reuters p66(br), Corbis/Daniel Buffington/Blend Images p7, Corbis/David Nunuk p16(r); Digital Vision/Punchstock p22, Getty Images p10, 11(t), 40(cl&c), 45(cr), Getty Image/Adie Bush p60(t), Getty Images/AFP p66(bl), Getty Images/Christian Science Monitor p65, Getty Images/Cultura/Frank van Delft p60(b), Getty Images/Film Magic p33(tl), Getty Image/Thomas Jackson p59(l), Getty Images/Jade p74, Getty Images/Philip Jones p26(bl), Getty Images/Howard Kingsnorth p72,Getty Images/Tom Merton p6(1), Getty Images/Tara Moore p4, Getty Image/Dimitri Otis p47, Getty Images/Time & Life Pictures p33(tr), Getty Images/Anne-Marie Weber p26(tr), Getty Images/Wire Image p29(t&b); Kobal Collection/Hammer/Warner Brothers p15(bc); Rex Features/Zuma p66(tr); Thinkstock pp6(3&4), 14, 15(tr&bl)), 16(l&c), 23, 24(bc), 31, 34(tl&tr&br), 35, 40(tr&cr), 44(l&c), 45(br, b, bc, bl,tr), 50, 53(tl), 55, 63, 64(3,5,6,7), 67, 68, 69(all), 70.

Student’s Resource Centre and Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles
lifeSkills extra lessons written by Lou Fonceca
Video worksheets written by Rachael Roberts

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2014

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by John Marshall Media Limited
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited
Speaking and Writing Workshop illustration by Tony Wilkins p115

The authors and publishers wish to thank the copyright holders of the photographs from openMind Level 2 Student’s Book for allowing them to be used within this product. Full details can be found in openMind Level 2 Student’s Book and in the IPTC of the images:
Alamy/NASA p19(tr), Getty pp 19(cr), 31(b), Thinkstock pp 19, 79, 139(l) Alamy/Chico Sanchez p43, Alamy/David Pearson p55, Alamy/Imagebroker p91, Alamy/CandyBox Images p103, Alamy/Art Directors & Trip p139(c), Alamy/GoGo Image Corporation p151

Video media supplied by
AKG; Alamy; Associated Press; Audio Network; BBC Motion; Corbis; Framepool; Getty; Greenpeace; Pond 5; Shutterstock; Superstock; Tengbom Architects; Thinkstock

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies
Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska

First published 2014

Based on the print design by emc design limited
Audio produced by John Marshall Media Inc
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell, Sally Elford, Niall Harding (Beehive Illustration), Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists).

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Rudolf Abraham p28(r), Alamy/The Art Archive p66(tl), Alamy/Axiom Design Picturesn Inc p38, Alamy/Rob Ball p32(b), Alamy/Patrick Batchelder p6(2), Alamy/Roman Bayle p64(4), Alamy/Blend Images pp18(t), 28(l), Alamy/Bon Appetit p43(r), Alamy/Celebrity p32(tr), Alamy/Chris Deeney p48,Alamy/Chad Ehlers p18(r), Alamy/epa p32(tl), Alamy/Everett Collection p66(tc), Alamy/Gaba/G&B Images p64(2), Alamy/David Gee p18(l), Alamy/Jeff Gilbert p34(bl), Alamy/Hemis p56(tl), Alamy/D Hurst p45(tl), Alamy/Icelandic Photo Agency p32(tc), Alamy/Imagebroker p49, Alamy/ImageSource p52, Alamy/Incamerastock p17, Alamy/Jacques Jangoux p54, Alamy/Boris Karpinski p56(tc), Alamy/Fredrick Kippe p59(r), Alamy/Igor Klimov p24(br), Alamy/Lebrecht Music & Arts Photo Library p15(cr), Alamy/Barry Lewis p15(br), Alamy/Ian Middleton (bl), Alamy/David L Moore p37(t), Alamy/Tobias Naumann p20, Alamy/Kasia Nowak p64(1), Alamy/David P G Philips p43(l), Alamy/PhotoAlto p71, Alamy/Q-Images p37(b), Alamy/Ian Shaw p13, Alamy/Dimitriy Shironosov p11(b), Alamy/Antony Souter p28(c), Alamy/Charles Stirling p64(8), Alamy/Ken Tam p44(r), Alamy/Tetra Images p53(tr,bl), Getty Image/David C Tomlinson p56(tr), Alamy/Henry Westheim Photography p7; Corbis p75,Corbis/Toshiyuki Aizawa/Reuters p66(br), Corbis/Daniel Buffington/Blend Images p7, Corbis/David Nunuk p16(r); Digital Vision/Punchstock p22, Getty Images p10, 11(t), 40(cl&c), 45(cr), Getty Image/Adie Bush p60(t), Getty Images/AFP p66(bl), Getty Images/Christian Science Monitor p65, Getty Images/Cultura/Frank van Delft p60(b), Getty Images/Film Magic p33(tl), Getty Image/Thomas Jackson p59(l), Getty Images/Jade p74, Getty Images/Philip Jones p26(bl), Getty Images/Howard Kingsnorth p72,Getty Images/Tom Merton p6(1), Getty Images/Tara Moore p4, Getty Image/Dimitri Otis p47, Getty Images/Time & Life Pictures p33(tr), Getty Images/Anne-Marie Weber p26(tr), Getty Images/Wire Image p29(t&b); Kobal Collection/Hammer/Warner Brothers p15(bc); Rex Features/Zuma p66(tr); Thinkstock pp6(3&4), 14, 15(tr&bl)), 16(l&c), 23, 24(bc), 31, 34(tl&tr&br), 35, 40(tr&cr), 44(l&c), 45(br, b, bc, bl,tr), 50, 53(tl), 55, 63, 64(3,5,6,7), 67, 68, 69(all), 70.

 

openMind Level 3

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

openMind Level 3 Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45972-4
openMind Level 3 Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-45971-7
openMind Level 3 Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46965-5
openMind Level 3 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49519-7
openMind Level 3 Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49517-3
openMind Level 3 Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49516-6
openMind Level 3 Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45762-1
openMind Level 3 Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45991-5
openMind Level 3 Workbook with key
ISBN 978-0-230-45979-3
openMind Level 3 Workbook without key
ISBN 978-0-230-45990-8
openMind Level 3 Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-46966-2
openMind Level 3 Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49518-0
openMind Level 3 Student Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-45975-5
openMind Level 3 Teacher Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-46967-9
openMind Level 3 Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46005-8
openMind Level 3 Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46004-1
openMind Level 3 Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45996-0
openMind Level 3 Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-45993-9
openMind Level 3 DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47247-1
openMind Level 3 Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32805-2

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published 2014
First edition published 2010

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell p46; Mark Duffin p89; Niall Hading (Beehive Illustration) pp20, 33, 90, 91, 92, 97; Sally Elford pp22, 69, 80, 85; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp76, 77, 82, 83, 109, 110, 136, 138.
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark ltd.
Cover photograph courtesy of Corbis / Hugh Sitton
Picture research by Alison Prior
Unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of the openMind series:
Carolina Ezeta, Universidad Tecnológica de Querétaro; Karl Schmack, Centro Cultural Costarricense Norteamericano; Maria Elisabeth Schmid de Mattos, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Martha Patricia Sánchez, Colegio Anahuac Revolución; Leigh Darlaine Langenegger, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Ricardo Pizelli Goiatá, Curso Bridge over Cam; Franklin Téllez, Centro Cultural Nicaragüense Norteamericano; Jim Nixon, Colegio Cervantes Costa Rica; Rosario Mena, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Leticia de la Peña, Colegio Lincoln; Héctor Sánchez, PROULEX; Eric Tejeda, PROULEX; Arturo Hernández, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajara; Grisel del Rosario, Instituto Cultural Dominico Americano; Maria do Socorro Guimarães, IBEU -Rio de Janeiro; Diego Medina, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Julio Prin, Centro Venezolano Americano; María Guadalupe Muñoz, Universidad de Guadalajara, Licenciatura de Idiomas; Lourdes Molleda, Tec Milenio; Frances Gritzewsky, Prepa Tec Eugenio Garza; Magneli Villanueva Morales, Universidad Regiomontana; Anderson Lopes Siqueira, ICBEU -São José dos Campos; Emilia Rubenova, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León; Lourdes Pérez Valdespino, Universidad Del Valle de México, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Centro Cultural Salvadoreño Americano; Márcia Soares Guimarães, Instituto Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos -Belo Horizonte; Leonor Rosales, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey; Martha Larraga, Unitec Escobedo; Cândido Prado, CCBEU – Goiânia; Janet Keyser, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Julie Khatcherian, Manhattan Trade Language Company; Francisco Nieto, Universidad Metropolitana; Artemisa Sangermán, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Nico Wieserma, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Cuidad de México; Vagner Serafim, Cento Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos; Lourdes Baledón, Universidad Intercontinental; Clara Lucía López, Centro Colombo Americano Manizales; Gabriela Rodríguez, Colegio Oviedo Schontal; Waldo Andrade, CBI: Centro Butantã Idiomas – São Paulo; Anthony Shull, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Estado de México; Tamara Rojas, Escuela Benjamín Franklin; Martha Rosas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus San Rafael; Fabiano Cella, Universidade de São Paulo, curso Poliglota; Sheila Moreno, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Tlalpan; Patricia Venegas, Universidad del Valle de México, Campus Lomas Verdes; Luciana Guarnier, Seven Idiomas; Diana Jones, Angloamericano; Carlos Lizárraga, Angloamericano; Emma Domínguez, The Anglo; Luis Cabrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Luciane Oliveira, New York School; Cristina Moya, Colegio Morelos; Elda Beraza, Colegio Montes de Oca, Cuernavaca; Elza Massae Sato, FMU, São Paulo; Lucía Canseco Campoy, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Hermosillo; Emma Luisa Domínguez Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Yolanda Domínguez del Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Campus Obregón; Maria Antonieta Gagliardi, Centro Britânico – São Paulo; David Toledo, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; Alicia Cabrero, Universidad Autónoma San Luis Potosí; Danielle Sales, Senac – Rio de Janeiro; Claudio Barros, Flex Idiomas; Rina de Góngora, del Instituto Guatemalteco Americano; Adriana Alcalá, Kate Cory-Wright, Chris Bauer; Moisés Ramírez; Universidad Chauhtémoc Centro de Lenguas y Linguística Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas; Instituto Tecnológico Centro Americano; CELE Mascarones; Ministerio de Educación de El Salvador; Universidad Tecnológica de Nezahualcoyotl; Universidad del Tepeyac; Instituto Politécnico Nacional ESIME CELEX; Instituto Quebec; Colegio La Salle del Pedregal; Universidad Pedagógica Nacional; Universidad de la República Mexicana; Universidad Norteamericana; Fundación Empresarial para el Desarrollo Educativo; Operadora La Salle; Seven São Paulo; Universidad de Oriente; UNIVA; Centro de Capacitación Manuel Sandoval Vallarta; Universidad de El Salvador; Escuela de Jurisprudencia; Universidad de Valle de México, Campus Puebla; Alumni São Paulo; Dr Amany Shawkey, Mrs Heidi Omara, Mrs Hala Fouad (Egypt); Faisal Mreish (Lebanon); Mrs Magda Giomazi (Libya). Petra Florianová, Gymnázium, Praha 6, Arabská 14; Inés Frigerio, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto; Alison Greenwood, University of Bologna, Centro Linguistico di Ateneo; Roumyana Yaneva Ivanova, The American College of Sofia;Tánˇa Jancˇarˇíková, SOŠ Drtinova Prague; Mari Carmen Lafuente, Escuela Oficial de Idiomas Hospitalet, Bacelona; Alice Lockyer, Pompeu Fabra University; Javier Roque Sandro Majul, Windmill School of English; Paul Neale, Susan Carol Owens and Beverley Anne Sharp, Cambridge Academy of English; Audrey Renton, Dubai Men’s College, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE; Martin Stanley, British Council, Bilbao; Luiza Wójtowicz- Waga, Warsaw Study Centre; Escuela Oficial de Idiomas de Getxo; Cámar de Comercio de Bilbao; Universidad Autónoma de Bellaterra; Escuela Oficia de Idiomas EOI de Barcelona; University of Barcelona; Escuela Oficial d Idiomas Sant Gervasi.

The author and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/AfriPics.com p74(t), Alamy/Alamy Celebrity p101, Alamy/Ale Ventura p99(tl), Alamy/J W Alker p119(c), Alamy/Art Directors & Trip p26(l), Alamy/Bill Bachman p123(r), Alamy/Greg Balfour Evans p25(t), Alamy/Rob Ball p21, Alamy/Jack Barker p141, Alamy/Big Cheese Photo LLC p52, Alamy/Blend Images p26(r), Alamy/Cherry Blossom p63(r), Alamy/David Burton p99(br), Alamy/Catchlight Visual Services p41(r), Alamy/Ron Chapple Stock p39(b), Alamy/James Clarke p44(t), Alamy/Collection 38 p79(tl), Alamy/Cultura Creative p60, Alamy/Ian G Dagnall p63(l), Alamy/Dbimages p15, Alamy/Dbphotos p123(tc), Alamy/DCP Photo p51, Alamy/Danita Delimont p70(3), Alamy/Design Picture Inc pp96, 120(b), Alamy/Dex Images p12, Alamy/Dorling Kindersley p74(l), Alamy/Patrick Eden p10(t), Alamy/Eightfish p125(r) Alamy/Jon Feingersh p19(tr), Alamy/Ted Foxx p99(bl), Alamy/Ewing Galloway p70(2), Alamy/Grafically Minded p40, Alamy/Jef Greenberg p34, Alamy/Darren Greenwood p31, Alamy/Gulf Images p103(t), Alamy/HA Images p111, Alamy/Diane Hall p19(bc), Alamy/Hemis pp9(tl), 64, Alamy/ILoveImages p121, Alamy/Imagineasia p99(br), Alamy/Ingram Publishing p99(cl), Alamy/Juice Images, Alamy/Kim Karpeles p41(l), Alamy/Library of Congress p70(5), Alamy/Maksim Krasnov p44(b), Alamy/Martin Mayer p122, Alamy/Stuart Monk p29(b), Alamy/Mykola Mazuryk, Alamy/Alix Minde p39(cl), Alamy/Mode Images p83(2), Alamy/OJO Images Ltd pp53, 132(b), Alamy/Pictorial Press Ltd p70(1,4), Alamy/Picture Library Wales p75, Alamy/Purestock p123(tl), Alamy/Harald von Radebrecht p9(cr), Alamy/Radius Images p93(5), Alamy/Kelly Redinger p19(tc), Alamy/Mervyn Rees p74(br), Alamy/Reimar3 p74(bc), Alamy/Marc Romanelli p100, Alamy/Ian Shipley p125(c), Alamy/Stockbroker p43(t), Alamy/Studiomode p83(1), Alamy/Van Hilversum p22, Alamy/VStock p124, Alamy/Rob Wallis p20, Alamy/Wavebreakmedia p10(b), Alamy/Jim West p43(b), Alamy/Yay Media p25(b);www.cartoonstock.com p59(all); Corbis/Amelie-Benoist p119(d), Corbis/Eric Audras p16, Corbis/Glen Blevins p119(g), Corbis/Guy Cali p123(bl), Corbis/Darama p95, Corbis/Giuglio Gil p9(br), Corbis/Kate Mitchell p79(tr), Corbis/Drew Myers p39(t), Corbis/Ocean p119(a), Corbis/Louis Psihoyos p119(b), Corbis/Radius Images p9(cl), Corbis/Corey Rich, Corbis/Haen Sel p115(t), Corbis/Chaiwat Subprasom p119(f), Corbis/Dann Tardif p79(cl), Corbis/Tetra Images p110(b); Getty Images pp72, 100(b), 102(b), 106(tr)Getty Images/AFP pp14, 104, Getty Images/Tatyana Aleksieva Photography p19(bl), Getty Images/Thomas Barwick p81, Getty Images/Digital Vision p54, Getty Images/Foodcollection p119(e), Getty Images/Adam Gault p110(t), Getty Images/Peter Glass p62, Getty Images/Bartosz Hadyniak, Getty Images/Hero Images p123(bc), Getty Images/David Hills p55, Getty Images/Justin Horrocks p66, Getty Images/Latin Content p102(t), Getty Images/Mlenny Photography p9(tr), Getty Images/Mikkel Wiliam Nielsen p134, Getty Images/NoLimitPictures p93(4), Getty Images/Andrew Rich p50, Getty Images/John Rowley p99(cr), Getty Images/Jochen Sands p106(tl), Getty Images/Ariel Skelley p126(r), Getty Images/Henrik Sorenson p106(tc), Getty Images/Sylvian Sonnet p29(t), Getty Images/Inti St Clair p32, Getty Images/Justin Sullivan p125(l), Getty Images/SW Productions p90, Getty Images/Visit Britain p47, Getty Images/vm p42, Getty Images/David Young-Woolff, Getty Images/Yin Yang p126(l); Joel Levinson p30; Photoshot/Cultura p135(r); Rex Features/ABC/Everett p112, Rex Features/CBS Everett p106(bl), Rex Features/20th century Fox/Everett p105, Rex Features/Moviestore Collection p106(br), Rex Features/Startraks Photo p103(b); Science Photo Library/Pasieka p73; Shutterstock/Dean Drobot p22(b), Shutterstock/Kristo-Gothard Hunor p22(d), Shutterstock/Kues p22(f), Shutterstock/Ollyy p22(e), Shutterstock/PathDoc p22(c), Shutterstock/ProStockStudio p22(a); Superstock/Burger/Phanie p23, Superstock/Steve Vidler p39(cr); Thinkstock pp17, 24, 87, 115(b), 120(t), 130, 131, 132(t), 133, 135(l,c), 136, 140, Thinkstock/Demid Borodin p94, Thinkstock/iStock p11, Thinkstock/Stockbyte p37, Thinkstock/Cathy Yeulet p84.

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Tim Bowen and Yvonne Maruniak

Designed by Expo Holdings, Malaysia
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Limited

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska and Dorothy E. Zemach

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell pp. 8, 16, 20, 21, 32, 35, 56, 67, 68, 69; Sally Elford pp. 10, 12, 36, 40, 51, 52, 70, 75; Niall Harding (Beehive Illustration) p. 5; Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists) pp. 6, 9, 11, 13, 24, 27, 38, 39, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 64, 65
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Ltd.
Cover photograph by Corbis / Hugh Sitton
Picture research by Alison Prior
Unit opener picture research by emc design limited

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/AgeFotoStock p24, Alamy/Alamy Celebrity p15(tl), Alamy/Allstar Picture Library p15(bl, br), Alamy/Amana Images p75, Alamy/Blend Images pp25(b), 33(t), 36(l), Alamy/BSIP SA p54(r), Alamy/Cultura pp7(t), 41(b), Alamy/Glow Images p6, Alarmy/Adam G. Gregor p19, Alamy/Nick Gregory p34(t), Alamy/Hero Images p73(l), Alamy/D Hurst p37(b), Alamy/Ingram Publishing p9, Alamy/Maskot p37(t), Alamy/MBI p7(b), Alamy/Moodboard pp27, 67, Alamy/Moviestore Collection Ltd p61, Alamy/Pens Forms p72(l), Alamy/PhotoAlto p72(c), Alamy/PhotoAlto SAS pp33(b), 54(l), Alamy/Pictorial Press Ltd pp15(cl), 40, Alamy/Picture Partners p44, Alamy/Andres Rodriguez p31, Alamy/Tetra Images pp22, 72(r), Alamy/Daniel Vrabec p11; Corbis/Tetra Images p73(r), Getty Images/4FR p4(b), Getty Images/Bloomberg p32, Getty Images/Cavan Images p17, Getty Images/Compassionate Eye Foundation/Matt Hind p49, Getty Images/Michael Blann p38, Getty Images/Michael Constantini/Photo Alto p13, Getty Images/DAJ p43, Getty Images/Tyler Edwards p70, Getty Images/Izabela Habur p52, Getty Images/Hero Images p26, Getty Images/Imagemore Co Ltd p4(t), Getty Images/Kali9 p74, Getty Images/Ron Levine p48, Getty Images/Carmen Martanez Banas p66, Getty Images/Steve McAllister p53, Getty Images/Nicolas McComber p12, Getty Images/Ryan McVay p58(t), Getty Images/Tom Merton p54(c), Getty Images/Moodboard p34(b), Getty Images/OGphoto p10, Getty Images/Sigrid Olsson p29(bm), Getty Images/Redferns p15(cr), Getty Images/Valerie Shaff p50(l), Getty Images/Jordan Siemens p8, Getty Images/Ariel Skelley p65, Getty Images/Betsie van der Meer p29(r), Getty Images/Christoph Wilhelm p29(l); Kobal/20th Century Fox/Paramount p47(tl), Kobal/Bazmark Films p62, Kobal/Marvel/Paramount p47(br), Kobal/Marvel/Sony p58(b), Kobal/MGM p63, Kobal/Paramount p59, Kobal/Universal p47(tr), Kobal/Walt Disney Productions p47(bl); Photodisc/Getty p41(t), John Robbins p14; Thinkstock pp15(tr), 71, Thinkstock/Blend Images p42(l), Thinkstock/Diego Cervo p30, Thinkstock/Dragonimages p60, Thinkstock/Godfried Edelman p18(r), Thinkstock/Getty Images p42(c), Thinkstock/Eric Isselee p50(r), Thinkstock/Izaphotop, p18(bm), Thinkstock/Lakov Kalinin p36(r), Thinkstock/Vlad Kochelaevskiy p18(bl), Thinkstock/Photodisc p42(r), Thinkstock/Photos.com p42(c), Thinkstock/Andreas Redriguez p55, Thinkstock/ Suprijono Suharjoto p28.

Student’s Resource Centre and Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles
lifeSkills extra lessons written by Lou Fonceca
Video worksheets written by Rachael Roberts

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2014

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by John Marshall Media Limited
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

The authors and publishers wish to thank the copyright holders of the photographs from openMindLevel 3 Student’s Book for allowing them to be used within this product. Full details can be found in openMind Level 3 Student’s Book and in the IPTC of the images:
Ammit p43, Peter Dench p67, Lemonade p115, Peter Dazeley p139, Peter Titmuss p31, Andres Rodriguez p55, Alex Segre p79, Ammentorp Photography p103, Roger Cracknell p127, Tom Merton p151, PCN Photography p91

Video media supplied by
AKG-Images, Alamy, American Foundation for the Blind, Corbis Images, Corbis Motion, Getty, Getty Images, Helen Keller Archives, ITN Source, ITN Source/Reuters

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies
Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
Written by Ingrid Wisniewska and Dorothy E. Zemach

First published 2014

Based on the print design by emc design limited
Audio produced by John Marshall Media Inc
Video produced by Oxford Digital Media
Illustrated by Peter Cornwell, Sally Elford, Niall Harding (Beehive Illustration), Paul Williams (Sylvie Poggio Artists).

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/AgeFotoStock p24, Alamy/Alamy Celebrity p15(tl), Alamy/Allstar Picture Library p15(bl, br), Alamy/Amana Images p75, Alamy/Blend Images pp25(b), 33(t), 36(l), Alamy/BSIP SA p54(r), Alamy/Cultura pp7(t), 41(b), Alamy/Glow Images p6, Alarmy/Adam G. Gregor p19, Alamy/Nick Gregory p34(t), Alamy/Hero Images p73(l), Alamy/D Hurst p37(b), Alamy/Ingram Publishing p9, Alamy/Maskot p37(t), Alamy/MBI p7(b), Alamy/Moodboard pp27, 67, Alamy/Moviestore Collection Ltd p61, Alamy/Pens Forms p72(l), Alamy/PhotoAlto p72(c), Alamy/PhotoAlto SAS pp33(b), 54(l), Alamy/Pictorial Press Ltd pp15(cl), 40, Alamy/Picture Partners p44, Alamy/Andres Rodriguez p31, Alamy/Tetra Images pp22, 72(r), Alamy/Daniel Vrabec p11; Corbis/Tetra Images p73(r), Getty Images/4FR p4(b), Getty Images/Bloomberg p32, Getty Images/Cavan Images p17, Getty Images/Compassionate Eye Foundation/Matt Hind p49, Getty Images/Michael Blann p38, Getty Images/Michael Constantini/Photo Alto p13, Getty Images/DAJ p43, Getty Images/Tyler Edwards p70, Getty Images/Izabela Habur p52, Getty Images/Hero Images p26, Getty Images/Imagemore Co Ltd p4(t), Getty Images/Kali9 p74, Getty Images/Ron Levine p48, Getty Images/Carmen Martanez Banas p66, Getty Images/Steve McAllister p53, Getty Images/Nicolas McComber p12, Getty Images/Ryan McVay p58(t), Getty Images/Tom Merton p54(c), Getty Images/Moodboard p34(b), Getty Images/OGphoto p10, Getty Images/Sigrid Olsson p29(bm), Getty Images/Redferns p15(cr), Getty Images/Valerie Shaff p50(l), Getty Images/Jordan Siemens p8, Getty Images/Ariel Skelley p65, Getty Images/Betsie van der Meer p29(r), Getty Images/Christoph Wilhelm p29(l); Kobal/20th Century Fox/Paramount p47(tl), Kobal/Bazmark Films p62, Kobal/Marvel/Paramount p47(br), Kobal/Marvel/Sony p58(b), Kobal/MGM p63, Kobal/Paramount p59, Kobal/Universal p47(tr), Kobal/Walt Disney Productions p47(bl); Photodisc/Getty p41(t), John Robbins p14; Thinkstock pp15(tr), 71, Thinkstock/Blend Images p42(l), Thinkstock/Diego Cervo p30, Thinkstock/Dragonimages p60, Thinkstock/Godfried Edelman p18(r), Thinkstock/Getty Images p42(c), Thinkstock/Eric Isselee p50(r), Thinkstock/Izaphotop, p18(bm), Thinkstock/Lakov Kalinin p36(r), Thinkstock/Vlad Kochelaevskiy p18(bl), Thinkstock/Photodisc p42(r), Thinkstock/Photos.com p42(c), Thinkstock/Andreas Redriguez p55, Thinkstock/ Suprijono Suharjoto p28.

 

masterMind Level 1

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

masterMind Level 1 Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46971-6
masterMind Level 1 Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-47035-4
masterMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-47037-8
masterMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49524-1
masterMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49521-0
masterMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49522-7
masterMind Level 1 Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-45763-8
masterMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-46974-7
masterMind Level 1 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus
ISBN 978-1-786-32127-5
masterMind Level 1 Workbook with key
ISBN 978-0-230-46972-3
masterMind Level 1 Workbook without key
ISBN 978-0-230-46973-0
masterMind Level 1 Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-47038-5
masterMind Level 1 Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49523-4
masterMind Level 1 Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-49052-9
masterMind Level 1 Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46980-8
masterMind Level 1 Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46978-5
masterMind Level 1 Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-46976-1
masterMind Level 1 Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-46977-8
masterMind Level 1 DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47434-5
masterMind Level 1 Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32806-9

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
This edition published 2015
First edition published 2010

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
Written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles with Ingrid Wisniewska

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Alek Sotirovski (Beehive Illustration) p155; Oscar Spigolon p158.
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark ltd.
Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Zero Creatives.
Picture research by Susannah Jayes

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of masterMind 2nd edition:
Isidro Almedarez, Deniz Atesok, Monica Delgadillo, Elaine Hodgson, Mark Lloyd, Rufus Vaughan-Spruce, Kristof van Houdt, Rob Duncan, James Conboy, Jonathan Danby, Fiona Craig, Martin Guilfoyle, Rodrigo Rosa

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material:
Extract from ‘Science gets the last laugh on ethnic jokes’ by Kathleen Wren originally published on NBCnews.com. Material adapted from the Al Arabiya New Website. Material adapted from: ‘Reveille First Lady of Texas A&M’ by Rusty Burson and Vanessa Burson, published by Texas A & M University Press. Used with permission. Material from ‘Why ‘selfie’ is the word of the year’by Ben Macintyre. Originally published on the Times online website on 20th November 2013. Reprinted with permission. Material adapted from the Cardiff University website. www.cardiff.ac.uk Figures adapted from ‘Press Release: Bottled Water Sustains Strength’ by the Beverage Marketing Corporation. www.beveragemarketing.com/ Material adapted from ‘Would you pay $55 for bottled water?’ by John Fuller originally published on How Stuff Works. http://www.howstuffworks.com/

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Charlotte Allen p148, Alamy/Allstar Picture Library pp38(tml), 84(tm),Alamy/Marc Anderson
p141(bl), Alamy/Asia File p21(2), Alamy/Mario Babiera p64(bl), Alamy/Patrick Batchelder p140, Alamy/Blend Images pp31(tr), 48, 75, Alamy/Blue Jean Images p132(tl), Alamy/Serge Bogomyako p161(cl), Alamy/BSIP SA p47, Alamy/james cheadle p69(4), Alamy/ClassicStock p14, Alamy/Neil Cooper p62, Alamy/Couria Media p161(tr), Alamy/James Davis Photography p163(tcr), Alamy/Design Pics Inc. p92(bcr), Alamy/Dex Image p153(tl), Alamy/Reinhard Dirscherl p161(bcl), Alamy/Lev Dolgachov p162(tr), Alamy/Dundee Photographics p32(cr), Alamy/epa european pressphoto agency b.v. p105(cl), Alamy/FALKENSTEINPHOTO p81(bl), Alamy/foodfolio p26(cr), Alamy/Andrew Fox p63(3), Alamy/fStop Images GmbH p104(cr), Alamy/I. Glory p147, Alamy/Robert Harding World Imagery p145(B), Alamy/Horizons WWP p69(6), Alamy/imageBROKER p51, Alamy/Image Source Plus p79(A), Alamy/D Johnson p79(B), Alamy/Juice Images p161(cr), Alamy/Robert Kneschke p9(1), Alamy/B Lawrence p141(tc), Alamy/MBI pp60(cl), 132(bl,br), Alamy/Kari Martilla p160, Alamy/Mediablitzimages p111, Alamy/Aiva Mikko p81(tr), Alamy/Moodboard p45(2), Alamy/Bob Pardue – Lifestyle p98, Alamy/PHOVOIR p161(bcr), Alamy/Pixellover RM 9 p24, Alamy/Vova Pomortzeff p69(5), Alamy/Purestock p53, Alamy/Ian Shaws p65(b), Alamy/Adrian Sherratt p57(5), Alamy/Ian Shipley ARC p73, Alamy/Paul Solloway pp12, 13, Alamy/Mele Stemmermann p125(6), Alamy/Devon Stephens p96(cl), Alamy/SuperStock p145(D), Alamy/Jochen Tack p21(3), Alamy/Matjaz Tancic p69(3), Alamy/Tetra Images p117(cm), Alamy/Mark Thomas p33(bcr), Alamy/Gregg Vignal p117(tr), Alamy/wales_heritage_photos p69(2), Alamy/Wavebreak Media ltd p80(cl), Alamy/Zooner GmbH p112(cml); Anouska Hempel Design pp87; Arte Luise Kunsthotel p91;
Corbis pp46(br), 129(tr), Corbis/PIYAL ADHIKARY p93(bl), Corbis/Adrianko p89, Corbis/Aflo p104, Corbis/ age footstock Spain S.L./Iain Masterton p162(cr), Corbis/All Canada Photos/Paul Zizka p127(tr), Corbis/arabianEye/Patrick Eckersley p55, Corbis/GAETAN BALLY p105(br), Corbis/Phil Banko p56, Corbis/Blend Images/JGI/Tom Grill p125(1), Corbis/Blend Images/Mike Kemp p45(6), Corbis/Blend Images/John Lund/Marc Romanelli p109, Corbis/Blend images/Jacqueline Veissid p10, Corbis/Sam Diephuis p119, Corbis/Galeries/Brian Shumway p101(cl), Corbis/GraphicaArtis p149, Corbis/Karl-Heinz Haenel p20, Corbis/Ingolf Hatz p156, Corbis/Lindsay Hebberd p68(br), Corbis/Hero Images pp9(4), 29, 125(5), 132(tr), Corbis/Hill Street Studios p117(tl), Corbis/Image Source pp97, 125(3), 135, Corbis/Maskot p40(cr), Corbis/Lori Adamski-Peek p9(3), Corbis/Jose L. Pelaez p93(tr), Corbis/Marcus Prior p99, Corbis/Martin Puddy p141(cl), Corbis/Radius Images pp36, 107, Corbis/Reuters/CARLO ALLEGRI p68, Corbis/Reuters/HOWARD BURDITT p95(cr), Corbis/Reuters/RICARDO MORAES p115,Corbis/H. Armstrong Roberts p162(tl), Corbis/Tomas Rodriguez p134(cr), Corbis/Sajjad/Xinhua Press p58, Corbis/Hugh Sitton p93(br), Corbis/Somos Images/Steve Hix p86, Corbis/Sylvain Sonnet p116, Corbis/Les Stone/Sygma p63(1), Corbis/Studio Eye p81(br),Corbis/Keren Su p91(cr), Corbis/Ada Summer p133, Corbis/Topic Photo Agency p77, Corbis/Betsie van der Meer p117(cr), Corbis/Matthew Visinsky p72, Corbis/Visuals Unlimited, Inc./Carol & Mike Werner p110, Corbis/Jessie Walker p162(bcl), Corbis/wangiei/Xinhua Press p21(1), Corbis/WEST/Westend61 p61, Corbis/Arman Zhenikeyev p125(4); Ecoscene/Chinch Gryniewicz p57(4); ©Fairtrade Foundation p96(tr); Getty Images/AFP pp9(5), 85(br), Getty Images/alohaspirit p33(tcr), Getty Images/Petri Artturi Asikainen p8(cr), Getty Images/asiseei p131(tr), Getty Images/Allan Baxter p92, Getty Images/Don Bayley p33(cr),Getty Images/ADEK BERRY p38(tl), Getty Images/Chris Bott p17(bcr), Getty Images/Mark Bowden p76, Getty Images/Paul Bradbury p39, Getty Images/Cavan Images p131(bl), Getty Images/Chabruken p117(cl), Getty Images/Siong Heng Chang p161(tl), Getty Images/Comstock p16, Getty Images/Cultura RM/Christin Rose p132(bm), Getty Images/Mark Cuthbert p35(tcl), Getty Images/damircudic p88(b), Getty Images/Michael DeLeon p153(tl), Getty Images/Richard Drury p64(br), Getty Images/EMMANUEL DUNAND p122, Getty Images/Echo p125(2), Getty Images/Amanda Edwards p35(tcm), Getty Images/John Elk p120, Getty Images/Evening Standard p34, Getty Images/davidf p94, Getty Images/John Fedele p44(cr), Getty Images/Fertnig p20(cr), Getty Images/Mitchell Funk p145(A), Getty Images/Christopher Futcher p9(2), Getty Images/Geber86 p45(5), Getty Images/Justin Geoffrey p130, Getty Images/GordonsLife p11, Getty Images/Steve Granitz p154, Getty Images/Daniel Grill p152(cm), Getty Images/Jamie Grill p129(bl), Getty Images/Bartosz Hadyniak p65(tr), Getty Images/Iaflor p124, Getty Images/Image Source p19, Getty Images/ImagesBazaar p88(tr), Getty Images/Erik Isakson p31(b), Getty Images/Ivan Ivanov p112(tr), Getty Images/Johner Images p45(4), Getty Images/Chris Jongkind p8, Getty Images/Jupiterimages p33(cl), Getty Images/Nancy Kaszerman p84(tr), Getty Images/Christopher Kimmel p140(cr), Getty Images/Wilfred Krecichwost p136(cr), Getty Images/Clarissa Leahy p49, Getty Images/Kristina Lindberg p60(tl), Getty Images/SAUL LOEB p70, Getty Images/ Anna Lubovedskaya p41, Getty Images/Hector Mandel p116(cm), Getty Images/Nino Mascardi p63(2), Getty Images/Marianna Massey p35(tcr), Getty Images/Jamie McCarthy p84(tl), Getty Images/Pam McLean p129(tl), Getty Images/P.Medicus p136(b), Getty Images/Chris Mellor p143, Getty Images/Ethan Miller p85(tr), Getty Images/Maria Taglienti-Molinari p162(tm), Getty Images/Dave Nagel p46(tr), Getty Images/NASA p37, Getty Images/Danny Nebraska p52(tr), Getty Images/Tom Nevesely p118, Getty Images/Kali Nine LLC p127(bl), Getty Images/Panoramic Images p26(cl), Getty Images/Douglas Pearson p144, Getty Images/Jose Luis Pelaez p108, Getty Images/polygraphus p22, Getty Images/Claude Robidoux p131(br), Getty Images/Amanda Rohde p51(br), Getty Images/Lee Rogers p162(cl), Getty Images/Eleanor Scriven p128, Getty Images/Zen Sekizawa p45(1), Getty Images/Kristian sekulic p132(cr), Getty Images/Margo Silver p17(cl), Getty Images/Wayne Simpson p129(cl), Getty Images/Ariel Skelley p45(3), Getty Images/Andy Smith p128(cr), Getty Images/SONNET Sylain p32, Getty Images/Matthew Spolin p145(C), Getty Images/Justin Sullivan pp40(b), 81(cl), Getty Images/kali9 p152(cl), Getty Images/Karwai Tang p35(bcr), Getty Images/Tempura p136(tr), Getty Images/Tang Ming Tung p129(cr), Getty Images/Betsie Van der Meer p17(cr), Getty Images/Bill Varie p157(cr), Getty Images/Klaus Vedfelt p129(br), Getty Images/Visuals Unlimited, Inc./Carol & Mike Werner p.110, Getty Images/Dougal Waters p56(cr), Getty Images/Westend61 p28, Getty Images/Willowpix p17(bcl), Getty Images/Xinhua Press/wangle p21(1), Getty Images/yulapopkova p33(tl), Getty Images/Zero Creatives p52(b), Getty Images/zhouyousifang p80; IMAGE SOURCE pp60(tcl), 141(tl); Photoshot p69(1), Photoshot/africanpictures.net p57(1), Photoshot/Anka Agency p142, Photoshot/Imago p121(br), Photoshot/TIPS p23, Photoshot/UPPA p105(bl), Photoshot/Xinhua p105(cr); Press Association Images/Sean Dempsey/PA Archive p83, Press Association Images/RANDY MUDRICK/AP p123; Rex Features pp35(cr), 104(tl), Rex Features/Everett Collection p100, Rex Features/Imaginechina p82, Rex Features/LAURENTVU/TAAMALLAH/SIPA p43, Rex Features/JAY NEMETH/SPORTSANDNEWS/SIPA p112(tr), Rex Features/Ray Tang p95(tl), Rex Features/Tom Watkins p104(tr); Reuters Picture Library/Jumanah El-Heloueh p146; Thinskstock/alice-photo p141(br), Thinkstock/KatarzynaBialasiewicz p101(cr), Thinkstock/Michael DeLeon p152(tl), Thinkstock/Franco Deriu p81(tl), Thinkstock/Antonio_Diaz p25(tm), Thinkstock/Digital Vision p103, Thinkstock/Fuse p74, Thinkstock/Jupiterimages p44, Thinkstock/mastaka p15, Thinkstock/miflippo p57(3), Thinkstock/mofles p152(tm), Thinkstock/Monticello p112(br), Thinkstock/Nirian p57(2), Thinkstock/Mohamed Osama p59, Thinkstock/phaendin p71, Thinkstock/Darren Patterson p162(bcr), Thinkstock/Top Photo Group RF p163(tr), Thinkstock/tupungato p141(tr), Thinkstock/ViewApart p157(tr), Thinkstock/MikeWatson Images p33(tr).

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
Written by Robyn Brinks Lockwood and Jaimie Scanlon

Page layout by MPS Limited
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Ltd.

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
This edition written by Mike Boyle and Anna Osborn
First edition written by Kate Cory-Wright and Lewis Lansford

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Sally Elford p55
Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Zero Creatives
Picture research by Victoria Gaunt

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material:
Extract from ‘Winston Churchill didn’t really exist say teens’ by Aislinn Simpson © Telegraph Group Limited 2008, first published in the Daily Telegraph 4 February 2008. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.ukExtract from ‘What’s frying at Walkie Scorchie?’ by Harry Wallop © Telegraph Group Limited 2013, first published in the Daily Telegraph 3 September 2013. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Material adapted from ‘Water Footprints’ published on the Water Footprint Network, www.waterfootprint.org, Material adapted from ‘The Science of Competition’ by Kara Miller & Kinnie ChapinFirst published by WGBH News as a part of the WGBH Innovation hub http://blogs.wgbh.org/innovation-hub/, Material adapted from ‘Real to Me: Girls and Reality TV’ ©2011 Girl Scouts of the USA. Adapted for educational use. www.girlscouts.org, Extract from ‘Nurture Shock Why everything we think about raising our children is wrong’ by Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman © Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman 2011. Published by Ebury Press. Reprinted with permission of the Random House Group and Curtis Brown Ltd, Material adapted from ‘Selfie City’ Reprinted with permission. http://selfiecity.net/, Extract from ‘The death of photography: are camera phones destroying an artform?‘ by Stuart Jeffries © Guardian News & Media Ltd 2013. First published in the Guardian 13 December 2013. Reprinted with permission. www.theguardian.com, Extract adapted from ‘The Five Lost Cities of the Future’. First published on Scribol. Used with permission. www.scribol.com, Material from ‘Athletes fight back over McDonald’s Games ads’ by Simon Chapman, originally published by Crikey on 15th August 2008. Used with permission. http://www.crikey.com.au/

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/David Bleeker Photography p30(b), Alamy/billdayone p35(t), Alamy/Blend Images pp57, 69, Alamy/Cultura Creative p6(t), Alamy/Phil Degginger p74(b), Alamy/Lev Dolgachov p11, Alamy/Hero Images Inc. p22, Alamy/Huntstock, Inc p54, Alamy/Fredrick Kippe p19, Alamy/Dan Leeth p29(b), Alamy/Christian Musat p74(a-bear), Alamy/Susan & Allan Parker p58, Alamy/Image Source Plus p48, Alamy/epa european pressphoto agency b.v. p38(d), Alamy/Radius Images p8, Alamy/Jack Sullivan p31(b), Alamy/Purcell Team p29(t), Alamy/John Warburton-Lee p15, Alamy/Westend61 GmbH p18, Alamy/Matthew Williams-Ellis p24; Bananastock p26(bc); Bridgeman Images/Jamestown, Virginia, 1607 (engraving), English School, (17th century) / Private Collection/Peter Newark American Pictures p72; Corbis p34, Corbis/ Paul Burns/Blend Images p61, Corbis/ umar87/Demotix/Demotix p60, Corbis/Patrik Giardino p40, Corbis/ALEX GRIMM/Reuters p52, Corbis/David Harrigan/ableimages p25, Corbis/KidStock/Blend Images p50(b), Corbis/Inti St Clair/Blend Images pp10(3), 16(t), Corbis/John Lamm/Transtock p43(t), Corbis/Tomas Rodriguez p31(t), Corbis/Wavebreak Media LTD/Wavebreak Media Ltd p46, Corbis/237/Chris Ryan/Ocean p36(b), Corbis/68/Ocean p53, Corbis/Atlantide Phototravel p44, Corbis/andy Olson/National Geographic Society p51, Corbis/John Lund/Marc Romanelli/Blend Images p27, Corbis/ Vladimir Serov/Blend Images p65(tr), Corbis/Yevgen Timashov/beyond p65(tl); EyeWire/Getty Images p56; Getty Images pp26(t), 35(b), Getty Images/AFP/Staff p74(d), Getty Images/AFP/Stringer p38(b), Getty Images/andresr p70, Getty Images/Brand New Images p5(c), Getty Images/Anna Bryukhanova p30(t), Getty Images/Carlo A p4, Getty Images/Nick David p67(a), Getty Images/Cesare Ferrari p68, Getty Images/ilbusca p59, Getty Images/Andrew Ilyasov p62(t), Getty Images/Daniel Ingold p65(cr), Getty Images/Inti St Clair p14, Getty Images/Christian Kober p38(a), Getty Images/Lambert p20, Getty Images/Bertrand Linet p38(c), Getty Images/Diane Levit/Design Pics p28(t), Getty Images/ain Masterton p29(c), Getty Images/Zoran Milich p67(b), Getty Images/Erin Patrice O’Brien p6(b), Getty Images/WPA Pool/Pool p42, Getty Images/Eric Gregory Powell p28(b), Getty Images/VikramRaghuvanshi p7(b), Getty Images/Radius Images p26(tc), Getty Images/Eric Raptosh Photography p7(t), Getty Images/David Ramos/Stringe p38(e), Getty Images/Gregor Schuster p12, Getty Images/Westend61 p10(2), Getty Images/XiXinXing p64(tl); Glow Images p10(4); ImageSource pp10(1), 16(b); Photodisc p74(c); Press Association Image/Andy Scofield/PA Archives pp45(background, insert), Press Association Images/KAREL PRINSLOO/AP p50(t); Rex Features/Zuma p73; Superstock/Beyond p43(b); Thinkstock p13, 26(b), Thinkstock/BananaStock p49, Thinkstock/istock pp5(t,b), 17(l), 23, 36(t), 63, 64(b,tr), 75, Thinkstock/Stockbyte p17(r), Thinkstock/TongRo Images p32.

Student’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2016

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles, with Ingrid Wisniewska Self-study video worksheets written by Anna Osborn

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2015

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by James Richardson Productions Limited
Video produced by MTJ Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

Video media supplied by: © AP Archives/Nine Network Australia; Audio Network; Care International; Digital Storytellers; Getty Images; iamlosangeles.com; Morten Sondergaard/Simpleshow; Olly Capes; Tourism Ireland; WaterAid; World Link With thanks to: EC Language School; The Balinese & Siamese Cat Club

Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Joanne Taylore-Knowles, Steve Taylore-Knowles, with Ingrid Wisniewska
Class video worksheets written by Anna Osborn
Additional lifeSkills lessons written by Louise Fonceca

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2015

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Audio produced and recorded by James Richardson Productions Limited
Video produced by MTJ Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

Video media supplied by: © AP Archives/Nine Network Australia; Audio Network; Care International; Digital Storytellers; Getty Images; iamlosangeles.com; Morten Sondergaard/Simpleshow; Olly Capes; Tourism Ireland; WaterAid; World Link

With thanks to: EC Language School; The Balinese & Siamese Cat Club

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies

Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
This edition written by Mike Boyle and Anna Osborn
First edition written by Kate Cory-Wright and Lewis Lansford

This edition published 2015

Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Zero Creatives
Picture research by Victoria Gaunt

The authors would like to thank the schools, teachers, and students whose input has been invaluable in preparing this new edition. They would also like to thank the editorial and design teams at Macmillan for doing such a great job of organizing the material and bringing it to life. The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of masterMind 2nd edition:
Isidro Almedarez, Deniz Atesok, Monica Delgadillo, Elaine Hodgson, Mark Lloyd, Rufus Vaughan-Spruce, Kristof van Houdt, Rob Duncan, James Conboy, Jonathan Danby, Fiona Craig, Martin Guilfoyle, Rodrigo Rosa

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material:
Extract from ‘Winston Churchill didn’t really exist say teens’ by Aislinn Simpson © Telegraph Group Limited 2008, first published in the Daily Telegraph 4 February 2008. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘What’s frying at Walkie Scorchie?’ by Harry Wallop © Telegraph Group Limited 2013, first published in the Daily Telegraph 3 September 2013. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Material adapted from ‘Water Footprints’ published on the Water Footprint Network, www.waterfootprint.org, Material adapted from ‘The Science of Competition’ by Kara Miller & Kinnie ChapinFirst published by WGBH News as a part of the WGBH Innovation hub http://blogs.wgbh.org/innovation-hub/, Material adapted from ‘Real to Me: Girls and Reality TV’ ©2011 Girl Scouts of the USA. Adapted for educational use. www.girlscouts.org, Extract from ‘Nurture Shock Why everything we think about raising our children is wrong’ by Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman © Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman 2011. Published by Ebury Press. Reprinted with permission of the Random House Group and Curtis Brown Ltd, Material adapted from ‘Selfie City’ Reprinted with permission. http://selfiecity.net/, Extract from ‘The death of photography: are camera phones destroying an artform?‘ by Stuart Jeffries © Guardian News & Media Ltd 2013. First published in the Guardian 13 December 2013. Reprinted with permission. www.theguardian.com, Extract adapted from ‘The Five Lost Cities of the Future’. First published on Scribol. Used with permission. www.scribol.com, Material from ‘Athletes fight back over McDonald’s Games ads’ by Simon Chapman, originally published by Crikey on 15th August 2008. Used with permission. http://www.crikey.com.au/, Quote from http://redballproject.com/about/ © Kurt Perschke. Reprinted with permission of the author.

These materials may contain links for third party websites. We have no control over, and are not responsible for, the contents of such third party websites. Please use care when accessing them.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Unit 1: Getty Images/Brand New Images, Thinkstock/Rauluminate, Getty Images/Erin Patrice O’Brien, Getty Images/Carlo A, Getty Images/Eric Raptosh Photography, Getty Images/VikramRaghuvanshi.
Unit 2: ImageSource, Getty Images/Westend61, Corbis/Blend Images/Inti St Clair, Getty Images/Design Pics/Colleen Cahill, Getty Images/Gregor Schuster, Thinkstock/GOTO_TOKYO, Getty Images/Inti St Clair.
Unit 3: Corbis/Somos Images/Bill Varie, Thinkstock/AndyVernum1, Thinkstock/Stockbyte, Alamy/
Fredrick Kippe, Getty Images/Lambert.
Unit 4: Alamy/Hero Images Inc, Thinkstock/monkeybusinessimages, Alamy/Matthew Williams-Ellis, Corbis/David Harrigan/ableimages, Getty Images/Stephen Zeigler, Getty Images/Radius Images, Bananastock, Thinkstock/Paul, Corbis/Blend Images/John Lund/Marc Romanelli, Getty Images/Stephen Zeigler.
Unit 5: Getty Images/Diane Levit / Design Pics, Getty Images/Eric Gregory Powell, Alamy/Purcell Team, Getty Images/ain Masterton, Alamy/Dan Leeth, Getty Images/Anna Bryukhanova, Corbis/Tomas Rodriguez, Alamy/David Bleeker Photography.
Unit 6: Corbis, Alamy/billdayone, Getty Images/Jose Luis Pelaez Inc, Thinkstock/Feverpitched, Corbis/Ocean/Chris Ryan, Getty Images/Bertrand Linet, Getty Images/Christian Kober, Getty Images/David Ramos/Stringe, Getty Images/AFP/ Stringer, Alamy/epa european pressphoto agency b.v.
Unit 7: Corbis/ Patrik Giardino, Getty Images/WPA Pool / Pool, Corbis/Transtock/John Lamm, Superstock/Beyond, Press Association Image/Andy Scofield/PA Archives, Corbis/Atlantide Phototravel.
Unit 8: Corbis/Wavebreak Media Ltd, Alamy/Image Source Plus, Corbis/ Wavebreak Media LTD/Wavebreak Media Ltd, Press Association Images/KAREL PRINSLOO, Corbis/ KidStock/Blend Images, Corbis/National Geographic Society/andy Olson
Unit 9: Corbis/Reuters/ALEX GRIMM, Alamy/Huntstock, Inc, Corbis/68/Ocean, Alamy/Blend Images.
Unit 10: Alamy/Susan & Allan Parker, Getty Images/ilbusca, Corbis/Demotix/umar87, Corbis/Blend Images/Paul Burns, Alamy/National Geographic Image Collection, Thinkstock/ROBERTO CAUCINO.
Unit 11: Corbis/beyond/Yevgen Timashov, Corbis/Blend Images/Vladimir Serov, Getty Images/Tuan Tran, Getty Images/Zoran Milich, Getty Images/Daniel Ingold, Getty Images/Nick David, Getty Images/andresr, Getty Images/XiXinXing, Thinkstock/izustun, Thinkstock/funduck, Alamy/Blend Images, Getty Images/Cesare Ferrari.
Unit 12: Alamy/Simon Reddy, Bridgeman Images/Jamestown, Virginia, 1607 (engraving), English School, (17th century) / Private Collection / Peter Newark American Pictures, Rex Features/Zuma, Alamy/Christian Musat, Alamy/Phil Degginger, Getty Images/Travelpix Ltd, Photodisc, Getty Images/AFP, Thinkstock/Vilches.

 

masterMind Level 2

Macmillan Education
4 Crinan Street
London N1 9XW
A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited

Companies and representatives throughout the world

masterMind Level 2 Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-46984-6
masterMind Level 2 Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-47040-8
masterMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-47042-2
masterMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49529-6
masterMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49526-5
masterMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book Premium Pack
ISBN 978-0-230-49527-2
masterMind Level 2 Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-46981-5
masterMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-46987-7
masterMind Level 2 Teacher’s Book Premium Plus
ISBN 978-1-786-32128-2
masterMind Level 2 Workbook with key
ISBN 978-0-230-46985-3
masterMind Level 2 Workbook without key
ISBN 978-0-230-46986-0
masterMind Level 2 Presentation Kit
ISBN 978-0-230-47043-9
masterMind Level 2 Digital Student’s Book
ISBN 978-0-230-49528-9
masterMind Level 2 Online Workbook
ISBN 978-0-230-49054-3
masterMind Level 2 Student’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46992-1
masterMind Level 2 Teacher’s Resource Centre
ISBN 978-0-230-46991-4
masterMind Level 2 Class Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-46989-1
masterMind Level 2 Workbook Audio CD
ISBN 978-0-230-46990-7
masterMind Level 2 DVD
ISBN 978-0-230-47437-6
masterMind Level 2 Test Generator
ISBN 978-1-786-32807-6

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published 2015
First edition published 2010

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

Student’s Book and Digital Student’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
Written by Mickey Rogers, Steve Taylore-Knowles and Dorothy E. Zemach

Designed by emc design limited
Illustrated by Chris Chalik (The Bright Group International) p31; Martin Meredith (Tek Art) p143.
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark ltd.
Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Anna Bryukhanova.
Picture research by Susannah Jayes

The authors would like to thank the schools, teachers and students whose input has been invaluable in preparing this new edition. They would also like to thank the editorial and design teams at Macmillan for doing such a great job of organizing the material and bringing it to life.

The publishers would like to thanks the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of masterMind 2nd edition:
Isidro Almedarez, Deniz Atesok, Monica Delgadillo, Elaine Hodgson, Mark Lloyd, Rufus Vaughan- Spruce, Kristof van Houdt, Rob Duncan, James Conboy, Jonathan Danby, Fiona Craig, Martin Guilfoyle, Rodrigo Rosa.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce material: ‘A Free Life is Rich’ by Katie Roche published in the Sunday Times, 28th October 2012. © Times Newspapers Limited, 2012. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.thesundaytimes.co.uk; Material adapted from ‘How Star Trek Inspired an Innovation’ by Paul Sloane. Originally published on www.destinationinnovation.com. Reprinted with permission; Material from ‘Don’t Expect Robots to Do it all for you – or steal your jobs’ by Fay Schopen published in the Times Online, 18th June 2013. © Times Newspapers Limited 2013. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.thesundaytimes.co.uk; Biographical material from www.pinksmith.com/bio.php. Used with permission; Extract from ‘The Vital Role of Play in Early Childhood Education’ originally published on the website of the International Association for Steiner Waldorf Early Childhood Education, www.iaswece.org. Written by Joan Almon, former chair of the Waldorf Early Childhood Association of North America and co-founder of the Alliance for Childhood. Used with permission; Material adapted from Information from http://www.obesitypanacea.com/ by Travis Saunders and Peter Janiszewski. Used with Permission; Excerpt from ‘River Town: Two Years on the Yangtze’ by Peter Hessler. © Peter Hessler 2001. Published by Harper Collins. Printed with permission.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/age footstock Spain, S.L pp60, 70, Alamy/Alis Photo p103, Alamy/Art Directors & TRIP p53, Alamy/AY Media AS p24(3), Alamy/Christopher Bailey p128, Alamy/Stephen Barnes/Military p79(tr), Alamy/Blend Images p17(cr), Alamy/DBURKE p158(tl), Alamy/canadbrian p81(tr), Alamy/Bill Cheyrou p19, Alamy/Cleaview (Hand) p117(tr), Alamy/Alistair Cotton p116(cm), Alamy/Cultura Creative pp76(br), 79(tl), Alamy/Dex Image p64(tcr), Alamy/Norman Eggert p57(4), Alamy/Nik Goulthorp p81(cr), Alamy/Dennis Hallinan p37, Alamy/John Henshall p118(br), Alamy/Horizons WWP p141(tr), Alamy/Jiri Hubatka p69(3), Alamy/D.Hurst p89, Alamy/imageBROKER p162(tr), Alamy/Craig Joiner Photography p26, Alamy/Philip Lewis p15(tr), Alamy/Stephen Lloyd Spain p99, Alamy/MBI p9(4), Alamy/maximimages.com p15(cl), Alamy/Mimadeo p32, Alamy/Sergey Mironov p33(cr), Alamy/Mode Images p87, Alamy/Luc Novovitch p86(cr), Alamy/Dale O’Dell pp116, 117(cl), Alamy/David O’Shea p135, Alamy/Photodreams1 p129, Alamy/PHOVOIR p9(1), Alamy/Pictorial Press Ltd p119, Alamy/Puschmann p92(cl), Alamy/James Quine p83, Alamy/Radius Images p46, Alamy/Ivelin Radkov p122, Alamy/Stephen Roberts Photography p69(4), Alamy/John Robertson p117(cr), Alamy/Robert Satinforth p44, Alamy/Science Photo Library p118(2), Alamy/Shotshop GmbH p136, Alamy/Jan Sochor p141(bcl), Alamy/Alexey Solodov p56, Alamy/Spaces Images p29, Alamy/Christopher Stewart p127(t), Alamy/Tetra Images pp112(cl), 161, Alamy/ Kristoffer Tripplaar p158(tl), Alamy/UpperCut Image p17(tcr), Alamy/YAY Media AS p15(tl), Alamy/Zoonar GmbH p140(cr); AIESEC (visit www.aiesec.org to find your global opportunity) p52; Bridgeman Images/ Aboriginal painting, art gallery, Alice Springs, Australia / De Agostini Picture Library / G. Sioen p93(tl), Bridgeman Images/Ayusco 2 am, 1987 (oil on canvas), Carrington, Leonora (1917-2011) / The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel / Vera & Arturo Schwarz Collection of Dada and Surrealist Art © ARS, NY and DACS, London 2014 pp94(tr), 159(cm), Bridgeman Images/ Contra-Composition of Dissonances, XVI, 1925, Doesburg, Theo van (1883-1931) / Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, Netherlands p93(bl), Bridgeman Images/ Girl with a Pearl Earring, c.1665-6 (oil on canvas), Vermeer, Jan (Johannes) (1632-75) / Mauritshuis, The Hague, The Netherlands pp93(cr), 159(tc), Bridgeman Images/Man with a Guitar, 1914 (oil on canvas), Braque, Georges (1882-1963) / Musee National d’Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France / Giraudon © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London 2014 p93(cl), Bridgeman Images/ Mirror Lake, Yosemite Valley, USA, 1861-75 (b/w photo), Watkins, Carleton Emmons (1829-1916) / © Royal Geographical Society, London, UK pp93(br), 159(tr), Bridgeman Images/Scenes of Hermits’ Long Days in the Quiet Mountains (ink and colour on silk), Yin, Tang (1470-1523) / Private Collection / Photo © Christie’s Images p93(cm), Bridgeman Images/ The Persistence of Memory, 1931 (oil on canvas), Dali, Salvador (1904-89) / Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA/ Salvador Dali, Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, DACS, 2014 p94(tm); Photograph courtesy of Mark Boyle p10; Corbis/2/Mel Yates/Ocean/Corbis p107 (cr), Corbis/68/George Doyle/Ocean p137, Corbis/TOSHIYUKI AIZAWA/Reuters p69(6), Corbis/Theo Allofs p59, Corbis/ELOY ALONSO/Reuters p22(tr), Corbis/Arthur Baensch p56(cr),Corbis/Bettmann pp129 (tr), 154, Corbis/145/Bill Boch/Ocean p81(cl), Corbis/Burstein Collection © 2014 Maryland College Institute of Art (MICA), Rights Administered by ARS, NY and DACS, London, All Rights Reserved pp95, 159(tcr), Corbis/Dean Conger
p141(tcl), Corbis/Yury Goldenshtein/Demotix p117(br), Corbis/Blaine Harrington III p20(cl), Corbis/JGI/Jamie Grill/Blend Images p88(cml), Corbis/Frank Krahmer p57(1), Corbis/KIM KYUNG-HOON/Reuters p69(2), Corbis/Lawrence Manning p157(tr), Corbis/Maskot p109, Corbis/Tim Parnell p9(3), Corbis/Jean-Paul Pelissier/Reuters p139(tr), Corbis/2/Ed Reschke/Ocean p63, Corbis/Denis Scott p28, Corbis/Holger Spiering/Westend61 p105 (tcr), Corbis/Strauss/Curtis p9(2), Corbis/Granger Wootz/Blend Images p112(cr), Corbis/Silke Woweries p38; Jean-Luc Cornec/ TribuT (1995/2014) ©DACS 2014 p92; Getty Images/333bracket.com p41(tl), Getty Images/Jack Ambrose p20(cr), Getty Images/apomares p124, Getty Images/Walter Bibikow p146(cl), Getty Images/BJI/Blue Jean Images p44(cr), Getty Images/Blend Images – Peter Dressel p61(cl), Getty Image/Blend Images – Jade p108, Getty Images/Mark Bowden p55(tr), Getty Images/Buena Vista Images p128(cr), Getty Images/Anatole Branch p68 (cr), Getty Images/ Burke/Triolo Productions p152(tl), Getty Images/Caiaimage/Paul Bradbury p45(3), Getty Images/Gary Clark/Contributor p131, Getty Images/Neale Clarke pp68,144, Getty Images/Mark D Callanan p27, Getty Images/Johannes Compaan p57(cm), Getty Images/CORDIER Sylvain/hemis.fr p57(5), Getty Images/De Agostini Picture Library p129(cr), Getty Images/Reinhard Dirschel p57(3), Getty Images/Epokydude p82, Getty Images/Fuse p81(tl), Getty Images/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images p45(2), Getty Images/Guenter Guni p141(tl), Getty Images/Johnny Haglund p141(br), Getty Images/Paul Harizan p88(cr), Getty Images/Hero Images pp106,148, Getty Images/Mike Hill p162(tl), Getty Images/Jupiterimages p86(tr), Getty Images/Troels Graugaard p64(cr), Getty Images/Kidstock pp45 (1), 105(tcl) Getty Images/kosmozoo p24(1 & 3), Getty Images/MKucova p104, Getty Images/G.Brad Lewis p140, Getty Images/Leren Lu p47, Getty Images/JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP p97, Getty Images/Robert McGuoey p62, Getty Images/Mondadori via Getty Images p129(bl), Getty Images/moodboard p76(cr), Getty Images/Terry Moore/Stocktrek Images p69(1), Getty Images/ Mother Image/Royalty Free/mother image/Fuse p132, Getty Images/MACIEJ NOSKOWSKI p120, Getty Images/Richard Nebesky p81(br), Getty Images/Michael Ochs Archives/Stringer p133, Getty Images/OJO Images p107(br), Getty Images/Gabriel Olsen/Contributor p13(cr), Getty Images/Dimitri Otis p34, Getty Images/Jose Luis Pelaez p88(cm), Getty Images/Pgiam p125, Getty Images/ Javier Pierini p157(cr), Getty Images/Jan Erik Posth p55(tl), Getty Images/Martin Puddy p41(b), Getty Images/Monty Rakusen p71, Getty Images/Redferns via Getty Images p130, Getty Images/Alberto E.Rodriguez/Staff p129(tl), Getty Images/Chris Rout p40, Getty Images/Chris Schmidt p13, Getty Images/ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP p141(bl), Getty Images/Science and Society Picture Library p21, Getty Images/kristian sekulic p39, Getty Images/The Asahi Shimbun Premium/Contributor p141(br), Getty Images/SM/AIUEO p72, Getty Images/STOCK4B Creative p110, Getty Images/Tetra Images p134, Getty Images/TommL p151, Getty Images/Topical Press Agency p69 (5), Getty Images/Benjamin Torode p100, Getty Images/Betsie Van Der Meer p123, Getty Images/Detlev van Ravenswaay p152(b), Getty Images/Thomas Vogel p73, Getty Images/Jerry Whaley p8, Getty Images/WALTER ZERLA p8 (br), Getty Images/Brad Wilson p104(cr), Getty Images/Yellow Dog Productions p14; Lady Pink p98; PhotoDisc/Getty Images (Cat) p117(tr); Photoshot/TIPS p117(tl); Rex Features p117(bl), Rex Features/Aflo p156, Rex Features/Amos Chapple p141 (tcr), Rex Features/CHINA SPAN Keren SU / Sunset p146(b), Rex Features/David Fisher p129(br), Rex Features/c.Paramount/Everett pp22(cl), 23;
Science Photo Library/ROBERT GENDLER p25; Superstock/Blend Images p88(cl); Story of Stuff/www.storyofstuff.com p84; Thinkstock/anshu18 p58, Thinkstock/KatarzynaBialasiewicz p118(3), Thinkstock/daboost p20(cmr), Thinkstock/Digital Vision p88(tcmr), Thinkstock/Dorling Kindersley p145, Thinkstock/Fuse p105(cl), Thinkstock/Jeffrey Hamilton p50, Thinkstock/hroe p80, Thinkstock/Iofilolo p36, Thinkstock/Jirsak p33tl, Thinkstock/Jupiterimages p61(bcl), Thinkstock/luxizeng p118(1), Thinkstock/simonekesh p80 (cr), Thinkstock/Matike p32, Thinkstock/Milacroft p115, Thinkstock/monkeybusinessimages pp15(cr), 16, Thinkstock/omgimages p88(tr), Thinkstock/pxhidalgo p162(tm), Thinkstock/stillwords p57(2), Thinkstock/sprokop p142,Thinkstock/ Thermchai p158(tc) Thinkstock/Irina Tischenko p33(tm),Thinkstock/Mike Watson Images p105(cr), Thinkstock/Wavebreakmedia Ltd p48, Thinkstock/Lisa F. Young p105(br), Thinkstock/Dezhi Wei p65; Trinh Tuan, Vietnam pp96, 159 (cl).

Teacher’s Book credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
Written by Vinodini.Murugesan and Adam Worcester

Page layout by MPS Limited
Cover design by Tony Richardson, Wooden Ark Ltd.

We are grateful for permission to reprint the following copyright material:
Kagan Structures: A Miracle of Active Engagement by Dr Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan of Kagan Publishing and Professional Development.

Student’s Book credits as above.

Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2014
This edition written by Chris Valvona and Lindsay Warwick
First edition written by Kate Cory-Wright and Peter Maggs

Designed by emc design limited
Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Anna Bryukhanova.
Picture research by Victoria Gaunt

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material:
Extract from ‘The best things in life are free’ by Charles Leadbeater © New Statesman 2014, first published in New Statesman 15 January 2010. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.newstatesman.com, Extract from ‘I’ve swapped my paper clip for a house’ by David Leafe © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 19 April 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘The animals and plants we cannot live without’ by Richard Gray © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 15 November 2008. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘Popular brain training games do not make users any smarter’ by Kate Devlin © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 21 April 2010. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘New study says people still don’t understand their online lives can cost them their real jobs’ by Kate Knibbs, first published 03 June 2013. Reprinted from www.digitaltrends.com with permission. © 2014 Designtechnica Corporation dba Digital Trends. All rights reserved, Extract from ‘15 ways supermarkets trick you into spending more money’ by Gus Lubin © Business Insider Inc. 2014, first published in Business Insider 26 July 2011. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.businessinsider.com, Extract from ‘Being a conscious consumer need not consume you’ by Gia Machlin © Gia Machlin 2014, first published in Ecoplum 25 September 2013. Reprinted here with permission. www.ecoplum.com, Extract from ‘The Importance of Play for adults’ by Margarita Tartakovsky © Copyright 2014 Psych Central.com. All rights reserved. Reprinted here with permission. http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2012/11/15/the-importance-of-play-for-adults/Extract from ‘Why is vinyl becoming popular’ by Lucas Kiss © Reawaken Media LLC 2014, first published in Techgeek 15 August 2013. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.techgeek.com.au, Extract from ‘Robot to expose hidden meanings of pyramids’ originally published on TechNews Daily 12 August 2010. Reprinted with permission. www.technewsdaily.com Extract from ‘How to make money busking’ by Thursday Bram. Originally published on Investopedia 12 December 2012. www.investopedia.com

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Alamy/Bon Appetit pp5, 63, Alamy/The Marsden Archive p60, Alamy/The Print Collector p46(r), Alamy/Craig Ellenwood p71(b), Alamy/JTB MEDIA CREATION, Inc p71(t), Alamy/Sioen Gérard p74(d), Alamy/Blaine Harrington III p74(b), Alamy/imageBROKER p72, Alamy/Juice Images p45, Alamy/jvphoto p21, Alamy/David Noton Photography p74(c), Alamy/PhotoAlto sas p71(c), Alamy/Joshua Rainey p23, Alamy/Kevin Schafer p70, Alamy/Neil Setchfield p73, Alamy/Shotshop GmbH p17, Alamy/Olaf Speier p7, Alamy/Stocktrek Images, Inc p14, Alamy/Jochen Tack p40, Alamy/Tetra Images p54(t), Alamy/komkrit tonusin p33, Alamy/UpperCut Images p42; Corbis/Blutgruppe p36, Corbis/John Burcham/National Geographic Society p74(e), Corbis/Richard Crisp/SuperStock p12, Corbis/Zero Creatives p24, Corbis/237/Robert Daly/Ocean p56(b), Corbis/Kevin Dodge p54(b), Corbis/Monalyn Gracia p64, Corbis/Troy House p19, Corbis/Hero Images p26,Corbis/Sean Justice p6, Corbis/Tim Pannell p65, Corbis/Paul Simcock/Blend Images p52, Corbis/ Image Source p56(t); Digital Vision p15; FLPA/IMAGEBROKER,CHRISTIAN HüTTER/Imagebroker p31, FLPA/Imagebroker p29, FLPA/Chris Mattison p30; Getty Images p39, Getty Images/Archive Photos p46(l), Getty Images/Yuri Arcurs p22,Getty Images/Andy Crawford p34, Getty Images/AFP Creative p74(g), Getty Images/Tim Flach p11, Getty Images/franckreporter p55, Getty Images/Lynn Harris – The Little Red Hen p69, Getty Images/Gavriel Jecan p74(a), Getty Images/Michel Mako p47, Getty Images/Sherwin McGehee p4, Getty Images/Denver Post p38, Getty Images/Gamma-Rapho p8, Getty Images/Mint Images/Tim Robbins p43(b), Getty Images/Greg Schneider/birdphotographer.ca p28, Getty Images/Oli Scarff/Staff p48, Getty Images/Henrik Sorensen p49, Getty Images/Jane Sweeney p74(f),Getty Images/UIG pp13(t,b), 50, Getty Images/Andrew Bret Wallis p18; Glow Images/Imagesource p53(t); ImageSource pp9, 20; Science Photo Library/MASSIMO BREGA, THE LIGHTHOUSE p35, Science Photo Library/CLAUDE NURIDSANY & MARIE PERENNOU p32, Science Photo Library/ DETLEV VAN RAVENSWAAY p10; REX Features/Everett Collection p66, REX/Denis Closon p44; Thinkstock/Hemera p43(t), Thinkstock/istock pp37, 51, 53(b), 58(b), 58(t), 61, 62(l,r), Thinkstock/moodboard p27.

Student’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Steve Taylore-Knowles and Dorothy E. Zemach
Self-study video worksheets written by Anna Osborn

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2015

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

The author and publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material: Quote from http://redballproject.com/about/ © Kurt Perschke. Reprinted with permission of the author.

Audio produced and recorded by James Richardson Productions Limited
Video produced by MTJ Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

Video media supplied by: Audio Network; British Antarctic Survey; Getty Images; Henry Evans; © Kurt Perschke, RedBall Project; Naapo.org; National Museum Australia; National Music Museum, Vermillion, South Dakota; Ohio State University Radio Observatory; PopTech; The Aspen Institute; Tony Jones; World Link

With thanks to: EC Language School; Roundabout Dramatherapy and The Oaksway Centre

Teacher’s Resource Centre credits

Text, design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015

Student’s Book written by Mickey Rogers, Steve Taylore-Knowles and Dorothy E. Zemach
Class video worksheets written by Anna Osborn
Additional lifeSkills lessons written by Louise Fonceca

The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

First published 2015

All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.

The author and publisher would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material: Quote from http://redballproject.com/about/ © Kurt Perschke. Reprinted with permission of the author.

Audio produced and recorded by James Richardson Productions Limited
Video produced by MTJ Media
Worksheet material designed by emc design limited

Video media supplied by: Audio Network; British Antarctic Survey; Getty Images; Henry Evans; © Kurt Perschke, RedBall Project; Naapo.org; National Museum Australia; National Music Museum, Vermillion, South Dakota; Ohio State University Radio Observatory; PopTech; The Aspen Institute; Tony Jones; World Link

With thanks to: EC Language School; Roundabout Dramatherapy and The Oaksway Centre

Presentation Kit credits

Software developed by MPS Learning and New Media Services
Pronunciation chart by Adrian Underhill
Digital brochure design by emc design ltd and Anne Davies

Student’s Book credits as above.

Online Workbook credits

Text, design, and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
This edition written by Chris Valvona and Lindsay Warwick
First edition written by Kate Cory-Wright and Peter Maggs

This edition published 2015

Cover photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Anna Bryukhanova.
Picture research by Victoria Gaunt

The authors would like to thank the schools, teachers, and students whose input has been invaluable in preparing this new edition. They would also like to thank the editorial and design teams at Macmillan for doing such a great job of organizing the material and bringing it to life.

The publishers would like to thank the following educators and institutions who reviewed materials and provided us with invaluable insight and feedback for the development of masterMind 2nd edition:
Isidro Almedarez, Deniz Atesok, Monica Delgadillo, Elaine Hodgson, Mark Lloyd, Rufus Vaughan-Spruce, Kristof van Houdt, Rob Duncan, James Conboy, Jonathan Danby, Fiona Craig, Martin Guilfoyle, Rodrigo Rosa.

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce the following material.
Extract from ‘The best things in life are free’ by Charles Leadbeater © New Statesman 2014, first published in New Statesman 15 January 2010. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.newstatesman.com, Extract from ‘I’ve swapped my paper clip for a house’ by David Leafe © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 19 April 2006. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘The animals and plants we cannot live without’ by Richard Gray © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 15 November 2008. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘Popular brain training games do not make users any smarter’ by Kate Devlin © Telegraph Group Limited 2014, first published in the Daily Telegraph 21 April 2010. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.telegraph.co.uk, Extract from ‘New study says people still don’t understand their online lives can cost them their real jobs’ by Kate Knibbs, first published 03 June 2013. Reprinted from www.digitaltrends.com with permission. © 2014 Designtechnica Corporation dba Digital Trends. All rights reserved, Extract from ‘15 ways supermarkets trick you into spending more money’ by Gus Lubin © Business Insider Inc. 2014, first published in Business Insider 26 July 2011. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.businessinsider.com, Extract from ‘Being a conscious consumer need not consume you’ by Gia Machlin © Gia Machlin 2014, first published in Ecoplum 25 September 2013. Reprinted here with permission. www.ecoplum.com, Extract from ‘The Importance of Play for adults’ by Margarita Tartakovsky © Copyright 2014 Psych Central.com. All rights reserved. Reprinted here with permission. http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2012/11/15/the-importance-of-play-for-adults/ Extract from ‘Why is vinyl becoming popular’ by Lucas Kiss © Reawaken Media LLC 2014, first published in Techgeek 15 August 2013. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. www.techgeek.com.au, Extract from ‘Robot to expose hidden meanings of pyramids’ originally published on TechNews Daily 12 August 2010. Reprinted with permission. www.technewsdaily.com Extract from ‘How to make money busking’ by Thursday Bram. Originally published on Investopedia 12 December 2012. www.investopedia.com

The authors and publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs:
Unit 1: Getty Images/Sherwin McGehee, Alamy/Bon Appetit, Alamy/Olaf Speier, Getty Images/Gamma-Rapho.
Unit 2: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/DETLEV VAN RAVENSWAAY, Getty Images/Tim Flach, Corbis/ Richard Crisp/SuperStock, Getty Images/UIG, Alamy/Stocktrek Images, Inc, Digital Vision.
Unit 3: Alamy/Shotshop GmbH, Getty Images/Andrew Bret Wallis, Corbis/Troy House, Alamy/ jvphoto, ImageSource.
Unit 4: Getty Images/Yuri_Arcurs, Alamy/Joshua Rainey, Thinkstock/moodboard.
Unit 5: Getty Images/Greg Schneider/birdphotographer.ca, FLPA/Imagebroker, FLPA/IMAGEBROKER,CHRISTIAN HüTTER/Imagebroker, Science Photo Library/CLAUDE NURIDSANY & MARIE PERENNOU.
Unit 6: Getty Images/Andy Crawford, Corbis/ Blutgruppe, Getty Images/Denver Post, Getty Images/Konstantin Inozemtsev, Getty Images/Konstantin Inozemtsev.
Level 7: Alamy/UpperCut Images, Thinkstcok/Hemera, Getty Images/Mint Images/Tim Robbins.
Unit 8: Getty Images/Archive Photos, Alamy/The Print Collector, Getty Images/Michel MAKO, Getty Images/Oli Scarff, Getty Images/UIG.
Unit 9: Glow Images/ Imagesource, Thinkstock/viafilms, Alamy/Tetra Images, Corbis/Kevin Dodge, Getty Images/franckreporter, Corbis/ Image Source, Corbis/237/Ocean/Robert Daly.
Unit 10: Thinkstock/m-imagephotography, Alamy/The Marsden Archive, Alamy/Bon Appetit.
Unit 11: Corbis/Tim Pannell.
Unit 12: Alamy/Kevin Schafer, Alamy/PhotoAlto sas, Alamy/JTB MEDIA CREATION, Inc, Alamy/Craig Ellenwood, Alamy/ imageBROKER, Alamy/Blaine Harrington III, Getty Images/Gavriel Jecan, Corbis/John Burcham/National Geographic Society, Getty Images/Jane Sweeney, Alamy/David Noton Photography, Alamy/Sioen Gérard, Getty Images/AFP Creative.